compare the wettability and wetting time between open and closed eyes of post menopausal
women using Schirmer’s test without anaesthesia (ST) and to assess the number of
dry eyes in open (STO) and closed (STC) schirmer test.
and Twenty eyes of 60 normal Post-Menopausal women were recruited from Sri Ramachandra
University. Schirmer test (ST) was performed in a closed environment with the absence
of air flow. This procedure was performed with the subjects both eyes open and closed
with an interval of 1 hour and were conducted in 5 minutes. If wetting values are
35 mm before 5 minutes, wetting time should be recorded.
this study 120 eyes of 60 Post-menopausal women were included. Measurements of STI
performed with open eyes (27.0 ± 9.5) were higher statistical different from those
performed with closed eyes (17.5 ± 11.0) in right eye of the patients. Measurements
of STI performed with open eyes (27.5 ± 9.9) were higher statistical
different from those performed with closed eyes (19.0 ± 11.4) in left eye of the
patients. Wetting time of STI performed with open eyes (4.1 ± 1.2) were
lower statistical different from those performed with closed eyes (4.7 ± 0.8) in
right eye of the patients. Wetting time of STI performed with open eyes
(4.1 ± 1.2) were lower statistical different from those performed with closed eyes
(4.6 ± 0.8) in left eye of the patients. The p value from measurements of STI
for right and left eye was 0.0005 and the p value from wetting time for right
and left eye was 0.0005, so, there was a significant change between open and closed
performed with open and closed eyes can have an important influence in the
diagnosis of dry eyes in post-menopausal women.
eyes, Post-menopausal women, Opened schirmer’s test, closed schirmer’s test.
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