In the current world, in this 21st
century being healthy is very important and is linked to the food we eat. Having
nutritious diet helps to maintain healthy Body Mass Index and also helps to reduce
the risk of having diseases like cancer, cardiovascular, diabetes, arthritis and
stroke. In the present situation it is a challenge to nurses working with patients
on improving both their nutrition and overall health depending on the diseases.
Medical Nutrition Therapy gives us an idea about Causes of the disease and the Diet
to be followed for each individual disease (Roth. R. A, 2016). Here are 10 diet
concepts for maintaining overall quality of health with respect to that disease.
In this article diet concepts for Weight Control, Diabetes, Cardio vascular disease,
Renal Disease, Gastro intestinal, Cancer, Blood Pressure, Arthritis, Asthma and
Fever have been discussed.
If we change our life style and
have healthy eating habits we can avoid being excess weight or obese. Diet for weight
control should not focus on weight loss rather follow healthy diet plan. Most of
the diseases controlled by Replacing saturated and trans fats with unsaturated fats
include omega-3 fatty acids; Increasing consumption of fruits and vegetables and
adequate folic acid intake; Consuming high fiber diet such as whole-grain; Limiting
consumption of sugar and sugar based products and sodium intake. Even though genetics
play important role, a diet plan (vegan diet) which is high in fiber and low in
fat with minimum amount of saturated food is recommended for Diabetes disease. By
avoiding fatty and fried food and having high fiber diet which is rich in raw fruits
and vegetables is recommended for Heart diseases.
Once we realize the connection between
good health and wholesome balanced diet, then our food will become our medicine
for maintaining good health. The health conditions such as making right food choices
and leading healthy lifestyle helps to prevent, treat and cure of the diseases.
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