Knowledge of Diabetes Management and Control Among Diabetic Patients attending Federal Polytechnic Clinic, Kaura – Namoda, North West, Nigeria

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Authors : Mr.Belloliman, Mr.Belloliman

Abstract:

This review critically reviews the article ‘Knowledge of diabetes management and control among diabetic patients attending Federal polytechnic clinic, Kaura – Namoda, North west, Nigeria in the journal South American Journal of Public Health.

Diabetes mellitus or simply diabetes may be defined as the deficiency or diminished effectiveness of insulin. Patients with excessive blood glucose (hyperglucosuria) will actually experience what is called polyuria (frequent urination), thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia).

Diabetes mellitus is of three types as follows:

TYPE1: KNOWN AS INSULIN – dependent diabetes. The type 1 diabetes appeared before the age of forty years. It has been noted that approximately 10% of all the diabetes cases are type 1.

TYPE 2: INSULIN RESISTANCE

This type of diabetes is due to inadequate release of insulin by the body for the proper function or as a result of an inability of the body to react to insulin. 90 percent of all diabetes cases are type 2. The symptoms of the diabetes may be controlled by loss of weight, intake of healthy diet, physical activity and monitoring blood glucose levels. On the other hand, overweight, physical inactivity and intake of unhealthy foods contribute positively to the risk of type 2 development. The older the person the greater the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

3. GESTATIONAL DIABETES

The gestational diabetes is mainly affecting women during pregnancy. Its diagnosis is made during pregnancy. This type of diabetes may be under control through exercise and diet. 

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