This is a study carried out
to gauge the perception of market men and women about Ebola virus disease and
its transmission. It is a cross-sectional questionnaire based study, in which
126 market men and women were involved. This study became imperative going by
the fact that Nigeria was just recently let off the hook of the ravages of the
virus, and the government of Nigeria pellucid engagement in mass media campaign
to enlighten the citizens about the symptoms and various modes of transmission
of the disease, because the virus still causes serious devastation in nearby
West African countries of Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, and most recently
Mali, and as not to make a ludicrous mistake of allowing another Ebola panic in
The analysis of the data was
done using IBM SPSS; descriptive statistics to get the general characteristics
of the study participants. Chi-square test was used to determine the level of
significance of groups of categorical variables. P values < 0.05 were
The data analysis showed
that 126 out of the 150 respondents returned the questionnaires completely
filled, representing 84% of the respondents. The respondents showed a poor
knowledge of animal to man mode of transmission, 20.7% of this mode chosen by
the respondents is that EVD can be transmitted through the eating of well
cooked meat of the known EVD infected animals. 72.3% of the respondent
identified at least two man to man modes of transmission and 68.7% of the
symptoms of Ebola identified include at least one of the early symptoms of EVD.
The study concluded that the
knowledge shown by the respondents is mixed; there was a good knowledge of man
to man mode of transmission while the knowledge of the animal to man mode of
transmission is poor while that of the symptoms of the disease is average.
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