Study of Association between Psychological Stress and Depression among Undergraduate Medical Students from Asia Metropolitan (Amu) in Johor Bahru
is a term that refers to the sum of physical, mental and emotional strains or
tensions on a person. Depression is a common mental disorder that presents with
depressed mood, loss of interest or pleasure, decreased energy, feelings of
guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, and poor concentration.
Psychological Stress among medical students is common as compared to other
professional courses. The aim of the study is to study the association between
Psychological Stress and Depression among undergraduate medical students in
Asia Metropolitan University.
Cross sectional study was undertaken among 75 medical students in a private
medical college, Johor Bahru. Validated questionnaires such as General Health
Questionnaire (GHQ -12) and Beck depression Inventory (BDI) were used to screen
Psychological Stress and Depression respectively.
of Psychological Stress was 39.7% and Depression was 38.2% among medical
students. There was a significant association between Psychological stress and
Depression among medical students because the p-value <0.01.
should be laid on the importance of screening for Depression of medical
students on a regular basis for early detection and rendering appropriate
intervention like student Mentorship Program, group counseling, stress
management training to protect the future professionals.
Abraham, R.R., Zulkifli, E.M., Zi Fan, E.S., Xin, G.N. & Geok Lim, J.T.(2009).
A Report on Stress among First Year Students in an Indian Medical School.
Malaysia, 3(2), 78-8.
Ahmad, A. & Mazlan, N.H. (2014). Stress and Depression: A Comparison Study
between Men and Women Inmates in Peninsular Malaysia. Malaysia, 4(2), 153-160.
Ahmed, R., & Hamoud, D. (2012). Prevalence and Associated Factors of
Emotional Disorder among
University Students. Malaysia, 4(12), 1401 -1411.
Azila-Gbettor, E.M., Atatsi, E.A., Danku, L.S. & Soglo, N.Y. (2015). Stress
and Academic Achievement: Empirical Evidence of Business Students in a Ghanaian
Polytechinic. Ghana, 2 (4), 78-98.
Bataineh, M.Z. (2013). Academic Stress among undergraduate students: The case
of education faculty at King Saud. Sudia Arabia, 2(1), 82-86.
Basnet, B., Jaiswal, M., Adhikari, B. & Shyangwa, P.M. (2011). Depression
among Undergraduate Medical Students, Kathmandu University Medical Journal,
Burn, N. & Grove, S.K. (2005). The practice of nursing research: Conduct,
critique and utilization. Philadelphia: Saunders.
Deasy, C., Coughlan, B., Pironom, J., Jourdan, D. & Mannix-McNamara, P. (2014).
Psychological Distress and Coping amongst Higher Education Students: A Mixed
Method Enquiry. Ireland, 9(12), 1 -23.
Do, Q. D. (2007). Depression and stress among the first year medical students
in University of Medicine and Pharmacy. Vietnam, 1 -106.
Guan, N.G. (2014). A Review of Depression Research. Malaysia, 69, 42-45.
Hysenbegasi, A., Hass, S. L., Rowland, C. R., (2005). The Impact of Depression
on the Academic Productivity of University Students. New York, 8, 145-151.
Khan, T.M., Sulaiman, S.Y.S. & Hassali, M. A. (2009). The causes of
depression. A survey among Malaysians about perception for causes of depression.
Malaysia, 2(2), 6-9.
Kittu, D. & Patil, R.(2013). Study of association of psychological stress
and depression among undergraduate medical students. India. 4(4), 555-558.
Ko, S.M., Kua, E.H, & Fones, C.S. (1999). Stress and the undergraduates. Singapore,
40, 627– 30.
Lama M. (2011). The Relation of Depression and Anxiety in Academic Achievement
among Group of University Students. Tafila, 3(5), 96-100.
Manjunath, R., & Kulkarni, P. (2013). Mental Health Status and Depression
among Medical Students. Mysore, 4(1), 50-3.
Mosley, T.H., Perrin, S.G., & Neral, S.M. (1999). Stress, coping and
well-being among third year medical students. Unites State, 69, 765-7.
Olsen, C. & George, D. M. (2004). Cross-Sectional Study Design and Data
Othman, C.N., Farooqui, M., Yusoff, M.S. & Adawiyah, R. (2013). Nature of
Stress among Health Science Students in a Malaysian University. Malaysia, 105,
249 – 257.
Polit, D.F., & Hungler, B.P. (2013). Nursing research: Principles and
methods. Philladelphia: Lippincott.
Richard, I.L. (2010). A Survey of Depression among Graduate Students and Their
Academic Performance. Philippines, 2-47.
Ross, S.E., Bradley, C.H. & Teresa, M. (2008). Sources of Stress among
College Students. Midwestern. 33 (2), 1 -6.
Salam, A., Yousuf, R., Abu Bakar, S.M. & Mainul Haque, M. (2013). Stress
among Medical Students in Malaysia: A Systematic Review of Literatures. Malaysia,
20(6), 649– 655.
Saravanan, C. & Wilks, R. (2014). Medical Students’ Experience of and
Reaction to Stress: The Role of Depression and Anxiety. Malaysia, 1 -9.
Shah, M., Hasan, S., Malik, S., Sreeramareddy, C.T. (2010). Perceived stress,
sources and severity of stress among medical undergraduates in a Pakistani
medical school. Parkistan, 10 (2), 1 -8.
Shendarkar, A.T. (2013). A Study of Stressors in Medical College Students
(Hostelities) in Northern Maharashtra. India. 35 (3), 227-229.
Sherina, M.S. & Kaneson, N. (2003). The Prevalence of Depression among
Sidik, S.M., Rampal, L. & Kaneson N.(2003). Prevalence of emotional
disorders among medical students in a Malaysian university. Malaysia, 2, 213–217.
Sohail, N. (2013). Stress and Academic Performance among Medical Students.
Lahore, 23 (1), 67-71.
Solanky, P., Desai, B., Kavishwar, A., Kantharia, S.L. (2012). Study of
psychological stress among undergraduate medical students of government medical
college, Surat. Gujarat, 1(2), 38-42.
Sreeramareddy, C.T., Shankar, P.R., Binu, V.S., Mukhopadhyay, C., Ray, B.,
& Menezes, R. (2007). Psychological morbidity, sources of stress and coping
strategies among undergraduate medical students of Nepal. India, 7(26), 1 -8.
Sultana, N. (2011). Stress and Depression among undergraduate Medical Students.
Bangladesh, 2 (1), 6-9.
Wolf, T.M., Faucett, J.M., & Randall, H.M. (1990). A health promotion
program for medical students: Louisiana State University Medical Centre. United
State, 4, 193– 202.
Yusoff, M.S. & Esa, A.R. (2011). Stress Management for Medical Students: A
Systematic Review. Malaysia, 477.