plays an important role in prevention of chronic diseases; insight into the
interaction between physical activity and health need to be quantified. The
research goal was to investigate relationship between anthropometric parameters
and physical fitness in learners with visual impairment. Twenty one male
students with various degree of visual impairment participated (aged: 24-51
years) and tested on (1) six anthropometric predictors, including body weight,
body height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, hip circumference and
waist-to hip ratio (WHR), and (2) five Physical Fitness Factors (PFF) measuring:
Heat rate, Systolic Blood Pressure, Diastolic Blood Pressure, right and left
grip strength, flexibility and Aerobic endurance. Correlation and survey
research design was adopted for the study. Descriptive statistic (mean, S.D)
and inferential statistic (Pearson correlation and regression) were computed
with SPSS version 20. Linear (y = a + bx) and multiple linear (y = a + b₁x₁ + b₂x₂
…..bnxn) equations were calculated to determine the
degree of association and predict PFF from respective anthropometric variables.
All anthropometric parameters produced an extremely weak relationship with
physical fitness factors. In this study, no association is found between body
weight and systolic blood pressure, no relationship between hip circumference
and static right grip strength. Considering the goal of this research, it is
concluded that there is a significant relationship between health’s related
anthropometric measure and physical fitness factors. Then we can use these
measurements to predict values in any of the physical fitness components
because the techniques are non-invasive and cost effective.
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