Proximity of Waste Disposals to Residential Neighborhoods and the Incidence for Malaria among under five children in Ikom, Cross River State, Nigeria

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJCR.2014.05.02.Art003

Authors : Shuaibu bukhari Isha, Elijah Tokunbo Daniel, Amachree TK, Ndaleh Wozerou, Isah Sadiq Yelwa, Oyinloye Tinuola Olayemi


Epidemiological studies suggest that there may be an association between environmental exposure to waste dumpsites and malaria. The aim of this study was to investigate whether residential proximity to waste dumpsites result in increased rate of morbidity for malaria among the most vulnerable population groups such as children under the age of five. A total of 150 children between the ages of one and five years were sampled in a residential neighbourhood in Ikom, Ikom. Data were obtained from the parents of the subjects with the aid of a specially- designed and well-structured questionnaire, review of hospital records, and assessment of exposure and assessment of larval abundance. Results showed that among the subjects within the total sample of 150 subjects, there were 1670 reported cases of malaria among the subjects within 11months study period. Of this total, 1272 (76.1%) cases were treated in zone A (distance below 500 meters) and 398 (23.8%) in zone B (distance more than 500 meters). The Spearman correlation coefficient calculated between rate of morbidity and distance from dumpsite in zone A was r = 1.12 (p < 0.05) and was adjusted for other factors that may have contributed to the disease. The overall results showed that children living within a distance below 500 meters from the dumpsite (zone A) are 3.5 times more likely to suffer malaria than those living beyond 500meters’ distance (zone B). A trend of lower incidence of malaria was therefore noted among children living in zone B. These results show that municipal waste dumpsites create pathological zones in which disease vectors proliferate and pose significant dangers within the residential neighbourhood.

Keywords: Waste disposals, residential neighbourhoods, malaria, proximity, under-five children.


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