foot ulcers have led to countless amputations and reduced quality of life among
individuals living with diabetes. Specialized diabetic foot care has been shown
to reduce the risk of foot ulcers and amputation among diabetics. The study assessed
the knowledge of diabetic foot care among 100 nurses in the University of Port Harcourt
Teaching Hospital and the Rivers State Hospitals Management Board Hospitals (which
include General Hospitals from all the local government areas) in Rivers State,
Nigeria. A structured questionnaire containing questions on different aspects of
diabetic foot care was interviewer-administered to the nurses and scored accordingly.
The results showed that only 34 (34%) had training on diabetic foot care; and most
of the nurses who had training had more than 20 years of experience. It was observed
that the knowledge of diabetic foot care was significantly higher among nurses with
more than 10 years of experience (p = 0.0046). Nurses with less than 10 years of
experience had a significantly poor knowledge of diabetic foot care. Knowledge of
footwear assessment and assessing the patient’s capacity for self-care was found
to be significantly lower among nurses who had no training on diabetes foot care
(p = 0.0001). The study shows the urgent need for frequently organized training
on diabetic foot care for nursing practitioners to improve the quality of diabetes
care in Rivers state, Nigeria.
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