The longstanding high burden of obesity in African- American women
and the more recent, steeper than average rise in obesity prevalence among
African-American chil- dren constitute a mandate for an increased focus on
obesity prevention and treatment research in African-American communities. The
African-American Collaborative Obesity Research Network (AACORN)
was formed to
stimulate and support greater
participation in framing
and im-plementing the
obesity research agenda
by investigators who have both
social and cultural grounding in African- American life experiences and obesity-related
scientific ex- pertise. AACORN’s examination of obesity research agenda issues
began in 2003 in conjunction with the Think Tank on Enhancing Obesity Research
at the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI).
The assessment was subsequently expanded to take into account the
overall NIH strategic plan for obesity research, literature reviews, and
descriptions of ongoing studies. In identifying priorities, AACORN members
considered the quality, quantity, focus, and contextual rele- vance of
published research relevant to obesity prevention and treatment in
African-American adults or children. Fifteen rec- ommended research priorities
are presented in five categories adapted from the NHLBI Think Tank proceedings:
health effects, social and environmental context, prevention and treat- ment,
research methods, and research training and funding.
These recommendations from an African-American perspec- tive build
on and reinforce certain aspects of the NHLBI and overall NIH research agendas
by providing more specific ra- tionale and directions on areas for enhancement
in the type of research being done or in the conceptualization and implemen-
tation of that research."
Ethnic Groups, Culture, Nutrition, Physical
1) Airhihenbuwa CO, Kumanyika S, Agurs TD, Lowe
A, Saunders D, Morssink CB(1996). Cultural aspects of African American eating
patterns. Ethn Health, 1:245– 60.
2) Camoriano JK, Loprinzi CL, Ingle JN,
Therneau TM, Krook JE, Veeder MH (1990). Weight change in women treated with
adjuvant therapy or observed following mastectomy for node-positive breast
cancer. J Clin Oncol, 8:1327–34.
3) Crawford PB, Obarzanek E, Schreiber GB, et
al (1995). The effects of race, household income, and parental education on
nutrient intakes of 9- and 10-year-old girls. NHLBI Growth and Health Study.
4) Crespo CJ, Smit E, Andersen RE,
Carter-Pokras O, Ainsworth BE (2000). Race/ethnicity, social class and their
relation to physical inactivity during leisure time: results from the Third
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994. Am J Prev
5) Fitzgibbon ML, Blackman LR, Avellone ME(2000).
The relationship between body image discrepancy and body mass index across
ethnic groups. Obes Res;8:582–9.
6) Henderson VR, Kelly B. Food advertising in
the age of obesity (2005). Content analysis of food advertising on general
market and African American Television. J Nutr Educ Behav;37:191– 6.
7) Jones BA, Kasi SV, Curnen MG, Owens PH,
Dubrow R.Severe obesity as an explanatory factor for the black/white difference
in stage at diagnosis of breast cancer. Am J Epidemiol.1997;146:394–404.
8) Kahn EB, Ramsey LT, Brownson RC, et al. The
effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity (2002). A
systematic review. Am J Prev Med,22(4 Suppl):73–107.
9) Liburd LC, Anderson LA, Edgar T, Jack L Jr
(1999). Body size and body shape: perceptions of black women with
diabetes.Diabetes Educ;25:382– 8.
10) Li FP, Stovall EL. Long-term survivors of
cancer(1998). Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev,7:269 –70.
11) Moorman PG, Jones BA, Millikan RC, Hall IJ,
Newman B (2001). Race, anthropometric factors, and stage at diagnosis of breast
cancer. Am J Epidemiol;153:284 –91.
12) Schreiber GB, Robins M, Striegel-Moore R,
Obarzanek E, Morrison JA, Wright DJ (1996). Weight modification efforts
reported by black and white preadolescent girls: National Heart, Lung, and
Blood Institute Growth and Health Study. Pediatrics;98:63–70.
13) Skelly AH, Samuel-Hodge C, Elasy T,
Ammerman AS, Headen SW, Keyserling TC (2000). Development and testing of
culturally sensitive instruments for African American women with type 2
diabetes. Diabetes Educ;26:769 –74, 776 –7.
14) Young C. Assimilation and social change
dynamics in African and African American Communities (2003). Western J Black