Health Related Quality of Life Among Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients and Healthy Pregnant Women: A Comparative Cross-sectional Study

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJNR.2015.SE.21.01.Art003

Authors : Monisayo Komolafe, Akinbowale Busayo Temilola, Raimi Tijani, Taiwo Olujide Adewale, Ganiyat Odunola Adeniran


Introduction: About 600 million (10%) of the world population has chronic kidney diseases (CKD). It is progressive, irreversible but effectively treated with maintenance hemodialysis and renal transplantation. In Nigeria, majority of end stage kidney disease patients struggle to continue regular hemodialysis as renal transplantation is beyond the reach of many. The financial burden and other restrictions on the life of the patients have implications for quality of life of these patients.

Objectives: To compare health related quality of life of end stage CKD patients with that of healthy pregnant women without any medical co-morbidity.

Methodology: WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire was used to determine quality of life of 64 CKD patients and 64 healthy pregnant women in a cross sectional comparative descriptive study. Statistical significance difference between the two groups attributed to events with a p-value lower than 5% (p < 0.05).

Results: The mean quality of life index among the maintenance hemodialysis patient was 43.03±15.96 while it is 63.56±12.61 among the healthy pregnant women and the difference is statistically significant (T= 8.01, p =0.000). Hemodialysis participants had lower QOL across all the four domains when compared to healthy pregnant women.

Conclusion: Health related quality of life of CKD patients in Nigeria is low. The government and care givers need to push for interventions known to make quality of life of CKD as well as that of healthy populace.


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