This assessment paper give emphasis to
the contributions of the blue economy to national development. It stresses the point
that the blue economy has great impact on a nation’s development. This actually
explains why recent governments of various countries has given much attention and
focus on their marine boundaries expecting to use it among others, as a mechanism
of safe guarding their territorial waters with consequential hope of discovering
natural minerals like oil which will help in enhancing the national resources used
in developing the lives of their citizenry in terms of standard of living and the
general development of the nation. This is because, the blue economy, in the life
of a nation, provides great advantage in terms of the economic development of that
country and a great disadvantage to the land lock nations at the back-dropped of
the fact that the blue economy has long been an economic
force to reckon with. It is also used by nations as the force and wall of their national
defense and it has been observed that it plays major role in the international trade
of the country. Looking at the blue economy in this perspective demands for proper
attention from central government, traditional authorities, and the public and local
governments to make sure that, this God-given treasure do not become a national
curse but would be put to efficient use to produce the anticipated results, which
will encourage national development. As valuable as it is, the blue economy is being
muddled up in Ghana as the resource suffers from pollution as a result of scientific
fishing, pollution by the public and by illegal miners and
these calls for the need for better ocean governance. This study
intends to achieve the following objectives; first is to determine the role and
benefit of the blue economy in national development, to identify some challenges
faced in the management of the blue economy of Ghana and to determine and make effective
recommendations that would aid to reduce or mitigate the challenges faced by the
blue economy. To achieve the objectives slated for this paper, review of secondary
data from documented reports and the internet, publications, journals and articles
were used. The primary data was an in-depth guided interview with key informants
(fishing folk, oil and gas officers, port management and shipping officers etc.)
and observation of events relating to the sea. To make the nation derive maximum dividends
from the blue economy, valuable recommendations were offered.
Blue Economy, National Development, Marine, Ocean, Ghana.
. Catherine Piante/WWF-France (2013) The Strategic Meaning of “Blue Economy” Available at
https://en.reset.org/blog/blue-economy-what-it. (Retrieved on 21st April, 2017)
. Definition of “development” from the Cambridge advanced learner’s dictionary & thesaurus © Cambridge University Press. (Retrieved on 26th April, 2017)
. Dr. Christian Bueger (2016), Maritime Security and the Blue Economy: Understanding the Link, available at http://www.westafricasecuritynetwork.org/maritime-security-and-the-blue-economy-understanding-the-link/ (Retrieved on 20th April, 2017)
. EC, 2012. European Commission. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: Blue Growth—opportunities from the marine and maritime sustainable growth. COM (2012) 494.
http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2012:0494:FIN:EN:PDF (Retrieved 28 April 2017).
. European Commission (2017), Staff working document on blue growth 2013-2016, Report on the blue growth Strategy towards more sustainable growth and jobs in the blue economy. Available at https://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/sites/maritimeaffairs/files/swd-2017-128_en.pdf (Retrieved on 28th April, 2017)
. Hiru Golam Rabbany (September 5, 2015), the Blue Economy – Opportunities in Bangladesh. Available on https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/blue-economy-opportunities-bangladesh-hiru-golam-rabbany (Retrieved on 29th April, 2017)
. http://www.mofa.gov.bd/content/about-blue-economy (Retrieved on 28th April, 2017)
. Marine sustainability in an age of changing oceans and seas, Report by the European Academies‘ Science Advisory Council (EASAC) and the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission EASAC policy report, 28 January 2016.
. Martin A. M. Gansinger, Ayman Kole (2017), Mapping Media Responsibility. Contemporary Aspects of Morals, Ethics and social discourse, Hamburg, Anchor Academic Publishing.
. Micheli F, Halpern BS, Walbridge S, Ciriaco S, Ferretti F, Fraschetti S, et al. (2013) Cumulative Human Impacts on Mediterranean and Black Sea Marine Ecosystems: Assessing Current Pressures and Opportunities. PLoS ONE 8(12): e79889. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079889
. Mengerink, K., Van Dover, C., Ardron, J., Baker, M., Elva Escobar-Briones, E., Gjerde, K., Koslow, J., Ramirez-Llodra, E., Lara-Lopez, A., Squires, D., Sutton, T., Andrew K. Sweetman, A., Levin L., 2014. A Call for Deep-Ocean Stewardship. Science 344, 696-698.
. Nautilus Minerals, 2014. Nautilus Minerals and State of PNG Resolve Issues and Sign Agreement. News Release, April 14, 2014.
http://www.nautilusminerals.com/s/Media-NewsReleases.asp?DateRange=2014/01/01...2014/12/31 (Retrieved 28 April 2017).
. Noone et al (Eds) (2012).Valuing the Ocean. Extended Executive Summary. Stockholm Environment Institute.
. Sherman, K & Adams, S. (Eds) (2010).Sustainable Development of the World’s Large Marine Ecosystems during Climate Change. IUCN
. The blue economy, growth, opportunity and a sustainable ocean economy. An Economist Intelligence Unit briefing paper for the World Ocean Summit 2015. Available at https://www.oceanprosperityroadmap.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/2.-State-of-the-Blue-Economy_briefing-paper_WOS2015.pdf (Retrieved on 28th April, 2017)
. Tolu Lawal and Abe Oluwatoyin (2011) National development in Nigeria: Issues, challenges and prospects, Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research Vol. 3(9), pp. 237-241, November 2011, Available online http://www.academicjournals.org/jpapr. (Retrieved on 27th April, 2017)
. Thomas M. Leonard (2006), Encyclopedia of the developing world; volume 3.
. UNESCO (2000). Education for All. New York.
. World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), Annual Report 2013. Available at http://cf.cdn.unwto.org/sites/all/files/pdf/unwto_annual_report_2013_0.pdf (Retrieved on 27th April, 2017)
. WTO, 2010. Trade growth to ease in 2011 but despite 2010 record surge, crisis hangover persists, PRESS/628, 7 April 2011. http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/pres11_e/pr628_e.htm (Retrieved on 20th April, 2017)
. WWF Global Report (2015), Reviving the ocean economy; the case for action. Available at http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/where_we_work/coraltriangle/publications/?245010/REPORT-Reviving-the-Ocean-Economy-The-case-for-action---2015. (Retrieved on 20th April, 2017)