Abstract:The new born weight is one of the major indicator providing information of the nine months’ intrauterine life and may predict the survival rate of new born. In fact, birthweight is one of the most accessible and most misunderstood variables in epidemiology. A baby’s weight at birth is strongly associated with mortality risk during the first year and, to a lesser degree, with developmental problems in childhood and the risk of various diseases in adulthood. Epidemiological analyses often regard birthweight as on the causal pathway to these health outcomes. Under this assumption of causality, birthweight is used to explain variations in infant mortality and later morbidity, and is also used as an intermediate health endpoint in itself.
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