Since the Alma Ata
declaration of 1978, Community participation (CP) has been recognized as one of
the core strategies of achieving the goals of Health for All (HFA). The
benefits of CP are numerous to the communities, the health systems and
Governments, This review article
described the nature and dimensions of Community Participation (CP) and its
role and scope in successful implementation of different components of Primary
Health Care. With the near collapse of PHC system in Nigeria, health care
systems had suffered with most emphasis on curative health care that does not
involve inputs from the local communities. Community participation is
not without challenges but most are surmountable, thus it is important to
appreciate the various levels in Nigeria in order to be able to operationalize
CP towards realizing of set goals and objective.
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