above three concepts are a product of scientific ideas. Global development can
only be achieved with solid reliance on research, technology and innovation.
The three concepts represents the only way for developing the world in order to
foster economic, education, environmental, medical and societal development at
large (Cramer and Zegveld, 1991). Development in science and technology are
fundamentally altering the way people live, connect, communicate and transact,
with profound effects on economic development (Lee-Roy, 2012). According to V.
Samuel cited in Jubel (2012), ‘Science is the key which unlocks for humankind
the store houses of nature’. Obsessed by the quest to improve his life; to add
values and make a paradigm shift in nature, a global change has smiled to the
prevailing efforts of man. He has not just learnt how to cut stones in to
blocks but how to use them in a better published form to build edifices. This
sweep in to the history of the computer system marshals out litanies of stages
that the computing system had undergone before it came to the taste of the
modern man. Right from the times of the ancient Babylon which is now known as
‘Iraq’, the so-called abacus machine was invented, one of the earliest
devices used by the primitive man to improve his state of living, calculation.
He was not satisfied by this innovation; he enthusiastically delved more in to
research and found out that addition and subtraction could be better done using
a machine which was named after the inventor, ‘Napier bone’ by John Napier,
precisely in 1614. This technological advancement and product of research work
was spiced by the innovation of the inquisitive man.
round your mind now is how and if these changes have helped in global
development. I crave your indulgence to exercise patience for a brief prelude
and chronicle of the modern technology which could serve as a frame work to
illustrate the above topic under discourse. So, in 1623, a German professor of
the University of Tubingen in Germany, Wilhelm Schikeard constructed the first
mechanical calculator which worked only with six digits. Advancement in
technological innovation is here again! Yet, man was not satisfied with this as
his curiosity still dragged him to the idea of research using his curious mind.
It was in 1642 that a French philosopher called Blaise Paschal invented a
machine that was named after him, the ‘Paschal Calculator’. He actually
invented it to help his father who was a tax collector. Here, we could see how
innovations served human problems.
yawned happily on us when the great British mathematician, Charles Babbage in
the 19th century (1820 and 1821) worked out the principles of the modern
digital computer. This great intellectual introduced an idea that helped to
solve complicated mathematical problems. Historians believe that Babbage and
his group were the first people to invent the modern digital computer.
the advancement of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), this is of
course the conception of an innovation, pieces of material like journals,
articles, updates etc could serve all and sundry as well as students well when
they hunger for information. On the internet we find unadulterated definition
of scientific work as pieces of vital information compete for web space for the
person who makes a research work.
nucleus of this research work is technology, while the vital force behind its
advancement is innovation, which is man’s usage of his idea! As I set my
fingers scrolling up and down the screen of my personal computer (PC) now is as
a result of technology, the computer system; whereas the installed information
that I source for is a result of an intellectually articulated innovative idea
as well as a confirmed research work.
then ask, ponder or wonder how these enormous and numerous scientific works
have become the bedrock of global development is like contemplating whether a
monkey eats banana. The result of this is obvious! Today, we talk and
experience globalization. Is it not development, stemming up from research,
technology and human innovation?
of the phenomena identified as the major dynamics of change and consequent
global development in the 21st century is globalization. The term
‘globalization’ precisely describes the process of increasing interconnection
between societies such that events in one part of the world have effects on
peoples and societies far away. Thus, in an angular perspective, we can say
that a globalized world is a developed world. It is one in which political,
economical, social, educational and cultural events become more and more
interconnected, and also one in which the impacts of these events in one
society affects extensively the lives of people in other societies.
We won’t be outside the
track (this topic) to understand into to the concept of globalization, as it
would form a tapestry on which the colored thread of this write-up could be
woven. Therefore, what is globalization? In this context, we shall approach the
definition using two (among five) of Fongwan Severin’s delineation.
to Fongwan (2013), globalization could be considered as universalization. In
this link, the word ‘global’ is used in the sense of being ‘worldwide’ and
globalization is seen as the process of spreading various objects and
experiences to people at all corners of the earth. A classic example of this
would be the spread of computing, television, etc.
the second delineation, globalization could be equated with internalization. In
this context, globalization is viewed simply as an adjective to describe
cross-border relations between countries. It describes growth in international
exchange and interdependence. Therefore, with growing flows of trade and
capital investment, development is defined.
[1.] Barry, C. (1972) The Closing Circle: Nature, Man and
Technology. Bantam Books, Toronto.
[2.] Cramer, j. and Zegveld, W. C. L. (1991) The future Role
of Technology in Environmental Management. Futures, Vol.23 No5. Pp461-462.
[3.] Fongwan, S. (2013) The Concept of Globalisation. The
Paragon Magazine, Vol. 2 pp. 58
[4.] John, O. (2009) Business Research and Methodology.
Meteson Publicity Company, Enugu.
[5.] Jubel D’Cruz (2012) The Best Proverbs. Better yourself
[6.] Lee-Roy, C. (2012) The Role of Science and Technology
in the Developing world in the 21st Century. Retrieved from:
[7.] Lee-Roy, C.( 2013) The Importance of Technology in
Economic and Social Development. Retrieved from:
[8.] Polit, D. F. and Beck C. T (2010) Essentials of Nursing
Research: Appraising Evidence for Nursing Practice. Seventh Edition. Wolters
Kluwer Health/ Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
[9.] Robert, M. W. (2004) Marshaling Technology for
Development: Proceeding of a Symposium. National Academy Press.
[10.] Sharon, B. (1994) The Role of Technology in
Sustainable Development. Technology and Society, Vol.13, No 4. pp. 14-19.
[11.] Virginia, I. O (2009) Concise Text on Research Methods
and Elementary Statistics. 2nd Edition, Ocean Press, New Market Road Enugu.
K. (1990) Technology Choice: A Critique of the Appropriate Technology
Movement. Westview Press, Boulder.