Background: Teachers’ job is fast becoming
more stressful in recent times, and this tends to affect the level of teaching effectiveness.
Stress may be conceptualized as a complex, multivariate process, resulting from
a broad system of variables involving inputs, outputs, and the mediating
activities of appraisal and coping.
objective of the study was to determine work stress among secondary school
teachers in Gboko Local Government Area of Benue State. Specifically to
determine the major stressors among secondary school teachers in Gboko L.G.A of
Benue state, to identify the effects of these stressors on the health of
secondary school teachers in Gboko L.G.A of Benue state and to identify the
various methods of stress coping strategies used by secondary school teachers
in Gboko L.G.A of Benue State.
descriptive survey design was used for the study to determine the work stress
among teachers in Gboko L.G.A of Benue State. A total of 5 teachers
(respondents) each from the randomly selected 39 secondary schools were
selected to make a total of 195 sample size. The instrument of the study was
questionnaire and formulated hypothesis was tested using chi-square
showed that secondary school teachers in Gboko L.G.A were experiencing stress
in their teaching job as nearly all the teachers agree with items identified in
the instrument as stressors. Inadequate salary, delayed payment of salary,
delayed promotions; involuntary transfers are among poor working conditions
considered highly or extremely stressful to the respondents.
experience was found to have both physical and mental effects on the
respondents. The findings also revealed that the secondary school teachers
frequently use the active behavioral and inactive (escape) strategies in
managing stress 2
Akindutire (2011) The Teaching Profession. Ado-Ekiti. Green Line Publishers.
Aralu, G. N.(2012) “Sources of stress and stress Management Strategies Among
Secondary School Teachers in Onitsha Urban”. Retrieved from www.google.com on
Arikewuyo, M. O.(2010) Stress Management Strategies of Secondary School
Teachers in Nigeria. Journal of Educational Research, vol.46 No 2 p.195-207.
Carlos, N. R and Heth, C. D(2007) Psychology the Science of Behaviour. 4th
edition Upper Saddle River, New Jersy: Pearson Education Inc., 527.
Christian, N.(2012) “What is Stress? How to Deal With Stress”. Retrieved from
www.question.com/freetrial on 10/07/2013.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (2013) “What Causes Work-Related
Stress in Teachers?”Retrieved from www.ask/help.com on 22/06/2013.
Glavas, M. M., Weinberg, J (2006) “Stress, Alcohol Consumption and the
Hypothalamic-Pituitary- Adrenal Axis”. In Yehuda, S., Mostofsky, D. I.
Nutrients, Stress and Medical Disorders. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press pp.165-183.
Jeanne,S., Melinda,S., Lawrence,R., and Robert, S(2012) “Stress at Work: Tips
to Reduce and Manage Job and Work Stress” Retrieved from www.helpguide.org on
Judy, M.(2013) “Five Daily Rituals to Manage Work Stress”. Retrieved from
www.medline.com on 22/06/2013
Kemeny, M. E.(2007) “Understanding the Interaction Between Psychosocial Stress
and Immune- Related Diseases: A Stepwise progression. “Brain, Behaviour, and Immunity,
Lazarus, R. S., DeLongis, A., Folkman, S., & Gruen, R. (2008). Stress and Adaptation
Outcomes: The problem of Confounded Measures. The American Psychologist 40(7):770-85.
Lazarus, R. S.(2006) Psychological Stress and the Coping Process. New York:
Melinda, S., Robert, S., and Jeanne, S,. (2004) Stress Symptoms, Signs and
Causes. Retrieved from www.helpguide.org on 22/06/2013.
Okoro, I. O. (2004) Stress Management and Dieting. A lecture delivered
on the occasion of the opening of the 2004/2005 Legal Year at Concorde Hotel,
Owerri 14th Oct 13
[15.] Olley, B. O. (2009) Perceived Stress Factors
and Coping Mechanisms Among Mothers of Children with Sickle Cell Disease in
Western Nigeria. Retrieved from www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10831420