Aim: To assess whether Serum Leptin and
Lactate dehydrogenase levels as an indication of severity in preeclampsia. Study
Design: A prospective case control study, consist of two groups such as
group 1 normotensive Pregnants and group 2 as cases with clinically diagnosed
preeclampsia Place and Duration of Study: Department of Obstetrics and
Gynaecology, RL Jalappa Hospital and Research Centre and Proteomics laboratory
kolar, between January 2013 and July 2014. Methodology: A total number
of 100 pregnant patients were enrolled in the present study. Amongst,
normotensive and preeclamptic pregnant women Group 1 (n=50) as controls (n=50).
Group-2 (n=50) were preeclampsia cases. Five ml of blood samples were collected
from each normal pregnant and preeclampsia patients. Leptin levels and lactate
dehydrogenase parameters were estimated using ELISA -Micro plate Reader method.
Statistical analysis analysed by using SPSS Software. Results: The Mean
± SD values of Lactate dehydrogenase IU/L (399.04±113.08) and Leptinng/ml (9.02±4.65)
in normal pregnant and Lactate dehydrogenase IU/L (1296.68±1732.95), Leptin
ng/ml (23.32±8.78) in preeclampsia cases were presented. Similarly Mean ± SD values in preeclampsia were presented
respectively. Conclusion: The elevated serum leptin levels in
preeclampsia indicate endothelial dysfunction involved in the pathogenesis of
preeclampsia. The relationship of serum leptin and Lactate dehydrogenase levels
were increased in preeclampsia that is directly proportional to gestational age
in last trimester. These biochemical parameters were significantly elevated in
severe preeclampsia, mild preeclampsia and compared to normal pregnancy.
Identification of high-risk patients with elevated levels of serum lactate
dehydrogenase and Leptin necessitate the close monitoring for prompt and
correct management which may decrease the complications of disease condition
and also facilitate to reduce maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality.
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