Innovative Technologies for Sustainable Passenger Transportation in Zimbabwe: A Survey from the Roadport in Harare

Download Article

DOI: 10.21522/TIJMG.2015.06.02.Art003

Authors : Ruth T Mugweni


The transport system in a country is critical for mobility and economic development. Passenger mobility is a necessity for social and economic purposes. Economic mobility has been on the increase in the 21st century due to globalisation. The commonly used mode of passenger transportation in developing countries such as Zimbabwe is road. Zimbabwe has experienced economic challenges since the turn of the millennium in 2000. The economic challenges emanated from failure to attract foreign investments and the demise of the Zimbabwean currency. As a result, there was widespread closure of companies which led to the increase in cross-border movement of passengers, for trade purposes, that is, import and export of various wares. The resultant growth in demand for passenger transportation across borders created challenges for the transport operators, border authorities, passengers as well as society in general. The study therefore assesses the technological innovations for organising, operating and managing fleet, tracking the passenger baggage, improving passenger safety and border clearance processes. There are technologies useful for these processes, thus, creating innovative passenger transport processes that are both efficient and effective. The study at Roadport establishes from passenger transport operators, passengers, Roadport and government authorities on the innovative technologies and processes used to ensure sustainability of passenger transportation. The study is an exploratory descriptive survey meant to establish the status of the use of technology in passenger transportation in Zimbabwe. Findings from the study will inform transport policy makers and passenger transport industry stakeholders on the use of technology that enhances sustainability of the industry and individual businesses.


[1]. Grubic, T. and Jennions, I. (2018). Remote monitoring technology and servitised strategies –factors characterising the organisational application. Int. J. Prod. Res. 2018, 56, 2133–2149 HLAG (2016) “Mobilizing Sustainable Transport for Development—Analysis and Policy Recommendations from the United Nations Secretary-General’s High-Level Advisory Group on Sustainable Transport.” New York: United Nations.
[2]. Kochar M. (2016), Innovative Technology for Sustainable Transport: 2016 UN DESA energy grant powering the future we want.
[3]. Kopp A, R. I. Block, and A. Iimi (2013) Directions in Development-Environment and Sustainable Development, “Turning the Right Corner Ensuring Development through a Low-Carbon Transport Sector”, WB.
[4]. Mooren, L, Grzebieta, R., Job, R.F.S. and Williamson, A. (2011). “Safe System—International Comparisons of this Approach,” in A Safe System- Making it Happen: Proceedings of the Australasian College of Road Safety Conference September 2011. Melbourne; and International Transport Forum. 2016. Zero Road Deaths and Serious Injuries Leading a Paradigm Shift to a Safe System.
[5]. Stopka O., V. Zitricky, B. Abramovic, M. Marinov, and S. Ricci (2019). Innovative Technologies for Sustainable Passenger Transport; Hindawi Journal of Advanced Transportation Volume 2019, Article ID 4197246:
[6]. UN Report (2017). Implementation of the Vienna Programme of Action for Landlocked Developing Countries for the Decade 2014-2024.
[7]. W. Goodall and T. Fishman (2015) Transport in the digital age: Disruptive trends for smart mobility, Deloitte.
[8]. Digital age transportation: The future of urban mobility, Deloitte University press.
[9]. PS Consulting (2017), The future of transport boardroom.
[10]. World Bank (2013), Developing Countries Face Higher Trade Costs.
[11]. World Resources Institute (2015) “Cities Safer by Design: Guidance and Examples to Promote Traffic Safety Through Urban and Street Design.” Washington, DC: World Resources Institute.
[12]. the statement is valid as of August 2017.
[13]. ITF (2017), ITF Transport Outlook 2017, OECD Publishing, Paris.
[14]. European Commission. Serious Injuries (2015). European Road Safety Observatory. Available at: accessed October 25, 2019.
[15]. EEA (2014) ‘Adaptation of transport to climate change in Europe’