Watersheds play an important role in our
ecological system especially to the communities surrounding it. In the
Philippines, domestic, industrial water and irrigation systems were supplied by
watersheds. However, not all watersheds are truly protected even though there
are several community-based forest management
programs implemented. Thus, this study tries to elicit the role of
community-based forest management on the awareness of watershed protection and
In particular, it tries to 1) generate
baseline data on the demographic, livelihood activities, resources used of the
communities living within the watershed area of Calbayog Pan-as Falls Hayiban
Protected Landscape (CPHPL); 2) determine the relationship of the respondents’
profile to their level of awareness of watershed and to their existing
watershed protection and conservation practices; and 3) recommend programs and
policy that would strengthen community-based forest management protection.
The study was conducted in the five
upland communities of CPHPL, namely: Sitio Pena 2, Cango-maud, Danao 2, San
Rufino and Cag-anahaw. A descriptive-survey was used to assess the relationship
of awareness of watershed protection and demographic profile.
Results show that educational attainment
has a significant relationship (0.05% level) to the level of awareness on
watershed roles and functions in the environment among the upland communities.
This is despite most of the respondents (56.5%) have obtained primary
This means, awareness of existing
watershed protection and conservation practices helps educate the people about
watershed conservation and protection. In fact, the presence of community-based
forest management program made the community moderately aware (33.2%) about
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