Ensuring Effective and Efficient Humanitarian Logistical Services Delivery: The role of Disaster Relief Organisations in Ghana
Sudden natural disasters, such as hurricanes, earthquakes, floods and tsunamis
usually generate destruction on impact, injuring people, rendering many homeless and imposing huge cost
to governments by destroying public infrastructure. Considering the adverse effects
on properties, human life and the economy at large, it is important to pay particular
attention to humanitarian logistics as a vital medium for responding to present
disasters and preparing for future ones. This study examined the factors and mechanisms
for humanitarian logistical services delivery in Ghana. The case study focused on
humanitarian and relief organizations operating in Ghana. Questionnaires and in-depth
interviews were used to gather data from officials of ten disaster relief organizations.
Findings from the study revealed important factors for effective
and efficient disaster relief operations. Despite financial and logistical challenges,
humanitarian organizations have put in place mechanisms for dealing with emergencies.
Disaster relief organizations operating in Ghana should adopt innovative and responsive
mechanisms in humanitarian relief operation so as to achieve
Humanitarian Logistics, Natural Disaster, Relief Organisations. Innovative and Responsive
. Addai, E. K., Tulashie,
S.K., Annan, J.S. and Yeboah, I. (2017). Trend of Fire Outbreaks in Ghana and Ways to Prevent These
Incidents, Safety and Health at Work 7 (2016)
. Allotey, N. K., Arku,
G. and Amponsah, P. E. (2010) Earthquake-disaster preparedness: The Case of Accra, International Journal of Disaster Resilience
in the Built Environment, 1, 2. 140-156.
. Amponsah, P.K. (2004). Seismic activity in Ghana:
Past, present and future. Annals of Geophysics,
. Annan J-S, Addai EK, Tulashie
SK. (2015). A call for action to improve occupational health and safety in Ghana
and a critical look at the existing legal requirement and legislation. Safety Health Work 2015; 6:146-50.
. Bempah, S. A. and Øyhus.
A.O. (2017): The role of social perception in disaster risk reduction: Beliefs,
perception, and attitudes regarding flood disasters in communities along the Volta
River, Ghana, International Journal of Disaster
Risk Reduction 23 (2017) 104–108.
. Bryman, A. (2004), Social Research Methods, 3rd ed, Oxford University
. Buatsi, S.N. (2007), Humanitarian logistics: context and challenges
in Ghana and Africa, International Conference on humanitarian logistics in Ghana.
. Díaz-Delgado, C and Iniestra,
J. G. (2014) Flood Risk Assessment in Humanitarian Logistics Process Design. Journal of Applied Research and Technology, 12,
. Ernst, R.
(2003), The academic side of commercial logistics and the importance of this special
issue. Forced Migration Review, 18, p.
. Kopczak, L. R. and Johnson, M. E. (2004), “Can Heroes be Efficient? Information Technology
at the International Federation of the Red Cross”, the Tuck School of Business
at Dartmouth Glassmeyer/McNamee Center for Digital Strategies, Vrs Oct 2004, Kovacs, G. and Spens,
K., M. (2007) Humanitarian logistics in disaster relief operations, International
Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 7, 2, 99-114.
. Ntajal, J., Lamptey, B,
L., Mahamadou, I. B. and Nyarko, B.K. (2017). Flood disaster risk mapping in the
Lower Mono River Basin in Togo, West Africa
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 23 (2017) 93–103.
. Nyarko, B.K. (2010). Flood
Risk Zoning of Ghana: Accra Experience, International Archives of Photogrammetry
and Remote Sensing. Vol. XXXIII, Part B7. Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
. Osei, F. B. (2010), Spatial Statistics of Epidemic Data: The Case
of Cholera Epidemiology in Ghana, PhD Thesis, University of Twente, Enschede,
. Oteng-Ababio, M. (2013).
Prevention is better than cure: Assessing Ghana’s preparedness (capacity) for disaster
management. Jamba: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 5 (2), 1-11.
. Overstreet, R.E., Hall, D, Hanna, J. B., Rainer, J. and
R. Kelly, R (2011). Research in humanitarian
logistics. Journal of Humanitarian
Logistics and Supply Chain Management, 1 (2011), pp. 114-131
. Sam-Okyere E. (2010).
Infernos in our offices; demystifying the facts. The Chronicle. 2010 Feb 25; p. 3.
. Sarpong A.O. (2013). Fire risk vulnerability in informal settlements
the case of Ashaiman. MS thesis. Accra (Ghana): University of Ghana; 2013.
. Tomasini, R. and Van Wassenhove,
L. N. (2009). From preparedness, to partnerships:
. Case study research on
humanitarian logistics, International Transactions
in Operational Research, 16(5), 549–559.
. Tulashie SK, Addai EK,
Annan J-S. (2016). Exposure assessment, a preventive process in managing workplace
safety and health, challenges in Ghana. Safety
Science, 2016; 84:210-215.
van Wassenhove, L.N. (2006),
Humanitarian aid logistics: supply chain management in high gear, Journal of the Operational Research Society,
. WHO (2015) Situation Report on Cholera Outbreak
in Ghana as of 24 May 2015 (Week 21), Country Office Accra, Ghana.
. Yin, R. K. (2004). Case Study Research: Design
and Methods, 3rd Ed. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA.