Level of awareness versus level of participation in the HIV/AIDS response among Non-formal health care providers in Nigeria; a comparative study

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJMD.2013.04.01.Art009

Authors : Amara F. Chizoba, Edward I. Madu, Edith C. Ezeobi, Mmaduabuchi D. Akujuo, Johnbull Egharevba


Background: Large portion of Nigeria’s population use the services of non-formal health care providers like patent medicine vendors (PMV) and traditional birth attendants (TBA), seeing that 65% of deliveries in Nigeria occur in such non-formal health setting. Though studies demonstrate increase in HIV/AID awareness among PMV/TBAs there is yet an unclear evidence of their level of participation in the HIV/AIDS response, even as health financing and engagement of these private sector becomes important implementation research question in Nigeria. This study aims to compare level of awareness versus level of participation of the non-formal health care providers in the HIV/AIDS response in Nigeria.

Method: By cross-sectional design, questionnaire was used to get responses from 210 PMVs and 135 TBAs across 6 Local Government Areas in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Responses were analyzed using percentages and frequency distribution.

Results: Mean age is 34 years. Highest education level was secondary school at 59%. HIV/AIDS awareness level was >80% but participation was at 48%.

Conclusion: HIV Awareness has increased among TBA/PMV but their participation level in HIV/AIDS response is still low. Integration of this group into public health sector could increase participation.


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