Effects of diabetic education on blood pressure, blood urea, creatinine and fasting sugarby diabetic patients in central hospital Nampula

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJMD.2013.04.02.Art005

Authors : Madhumati Varma


Background: The Global report from the World Health Organization (WHO), published in 2016, estimated that 422 million of the adult population lives with diabetes the number of diabetic patients has dramatically increased 4 times over in the adult population.

Methods: This is Interventional study, 648 of the participants of diabetes mellitus in out-patient diabetic clinic in hospital central Nampula, the participants taken according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, completed the pre-test at baseline and post-test after the second follow up session of education, during each session of education blood pressure, urea, creatinine were recorded. Education commenced with instruction in groups of each session followed by individual advice sessions for each patient with different specialists.

Results: The present study found that educational intervention of diabetes was highly effective to improve blood pressure from baseline mean of 131.02/71.73 mmHg second follow up 120.95/68.79 mmHg with standard deviation of baseline 24.35 mmHg/14.66 mmHgto second follow up 19.95 mmHg/11.33 mmHg, blood urea and serum creatinine significantly decreased from baseline in the second follow up (P <. 001). A post hoc Turkey test on blood pressure, blood urea and serum creatinine when compared with dependent variable fasting blood sugar found significantly (P=. 05) at baseline, at first follow up (P=. 005) and at second follow up (P=. 005).

Conclusion: The present study found that educational intervention was highly effective in controlling blood pressure, blood urea and creatinine among participants of diabetes mellitus.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, blood pressure, blood urea and creatinine, effect education, control, and participants


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