Monkeypox disease is a zoonosis caused by monkeypox virus, a member of
the genus orthopoxvirus, subfamily Chordopoxvirinae, family Poxviridae. It is a
virus very similar to the smallpox virus. It is a disease that occurs in
tropical Africa, in the Congo Basin. The Congo is the country where you meet
the most cases of monkeypox. The disease was first identified in 1958 but the
first cases were observed after the eradication of smallpox in 1977, the
disease was confused with smallpox for several years (1).
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