Comparison of Accommodative Facility in Tennis Players and Non Players

Download Article

DOI: 10.21522/TIJMD.2013.05.01.Art005

Authors : JayaRajini Vasanth


Accommodative facility refers to the speed in which the eye is able to change focus from one distance to another. Tennis is a dynamic sport in which the targets are focused at different distances. Therefore accommodative facility in tennis players and nonplayers has been compared. Thirty -two young male experienced tennis players and thirty- two male nonplayers (did not take part in any racket sports game) were evaluated. The accommodative facility was tested with accommodative flippers (+/–2.00 sphere lenses) binocularly. The subject having 6/6 monocular and binocular near acuity with habitual refractive correction was included in the study. Nonplayers of the same age and sex were included in the study. The mean value of the accommodative facility for the players was 11.92 cpm. The mean value of accommodative facility for the nonplayers was 6.66 cpm and the P value was 0.0005 so there were high statistical significant changes between tennis players and nonplayers. This result can be used to detect sports talents and for players with reduced accommodative facility, vision therapy can be used to improve their facility of ocular accommodation

Keywords: Accommodative facility, tennis players, accommodative flippers


[1]. Brabenec, J., & Stojan, S. (2006). The invisible technique: Two seconds decide the result. ITF Coaching and Sport Science Review, 38

[2]. Collier B: The eyes lead the body, optom management 15:73, 1979

[3]. Coffey B, Rrichow AW. Visual performance enhancement in sports optometry. In: Loran DF (: MacEwen 4, eds. Sports Vision. Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann, 199.5: 158-177.

[4]. Christenson, G. N., & Winkelstein, A. M. (1988). Visual skills of athletes versus non-athletes: development of a sports vision testing battery. Journal of American Optometric Association, 59(9), 666-675.

[5]. Dogan, B. (2009) Multiple-choice reaction and visual perception in female and male elite 4 athletes. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 49, 91–96

[6]. Ferrauti, A., Neumann, G., Weber, K., & Keul, J. (2001). Urine catecholamine concentrations and psychophysical stress in elite tennis under practice and tournament conditions. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 41, 269-274.

[7]. Hitzeman, S.A. and Beckerman, SA. (1993) what the literature says about sports vision. Ed: L. Press. Optom Clin 3, 145-169.

[8]. Holland K. Training the eye on sporting success. optician 193; 30 July 16-18

[9]. Hennessey D, Iosue RA, Rouse MW. (1984) Relation of symptoms to accommodative infacility of school-aged children. Am J Optom Vis Opt. 61: 177–83.

[10]. Paul Maman, Shukla Gaurang & Sandhu J. S. The effect of vision training on performance in tennis players. Serb J Sports Sci 5(1): 11-16

[11]. Ripoll, H. and Latiri, I. (1997) Effect of expertise on coincident-timing accuracy in a fast ball game. Journal of Sports Science 15, 573-580.

[12]. Trachtman, J.N. and Kluka, D.A. (1993) ‘Future trends in vision as they relate to peak performance in sport’, International Journal of Sports Vision, 1–7.

[13]. Wick B, Hall P. (1987) Relation among accommodative facility, lag, and amplitudes in elementary school children. Am J Optom Physiol Opt. Aug; 64(8): 593–8.