Assessment of Practice of Exclusive Breast Feeding Among Postnatal Mothers in NKST Hospital Mkar, Gboko, North Central Nigeria

Download Article

Authors : Emmanuel O Chukwu


The research is a cross-sectional descriptive survey conducted at NKST hospital Mkar, Gboko, North Central Nigeria to assess practice of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) among postnatal mothers. The specific objectives were; to assess the knowledge of postnatal mothers on EBF, to determine the level of understanding of postnatal mothers on importance of EBF, to ascertain if postnatal mothers adopt good attachment while breastfeeding , and to assess factors militating against EBF by the postnatal mothers. Convenient sampling technique was used in selection of samples used for the study. Data were collected from the respondents through self-structured and validated questionnaire. Data obtained were analyzed and presented using frequency distribution table. Based on the findings; the knowledge of postnatal mothers on EBF was very adequate and good, also, the postnatal mothers have good understanding of the importance of EBF, however only very few of the mothers practices EBF. The finding also revealed that majority of mothers does not really know what are indications for good baby attachment to the breast. In addition, the finding show that the major factors militating against EBF includes misconception that crying baby is an indication that the breast was not enough for the baby, hence needed more supplement; nature of their work not permitting them to practice EBF; misconception that EBF makes their breast to sag quick among other factors. The researcher made the following recommendations; health workers especially should put all hands on deck to ensure more implementation of practices of EBF by lactating mothers through adequate dismissal of all misconceptions militating against EBF, and that government should come up with good motivational material incentives for mothers who successfully breast feed their babies exclusively such as giving out wrappers to the mothers, giving such child free primary and secondary education, giving the mothers some reasonable amount of money etc.

Key Words: Assessment, Practice, Exclusive Breast Feeding, Postnatal Mothers. 


[1.] Adil, A.N.A (2014) Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding exclusive breastfeeding among mothers attending primary health care centres in Abha City. Int J med Sci public Health vol. 3 issue 13, P13551363

[2.] American Academy of Pediatrics (2015) How breastfeeding benefits you and your baby. Retrieved from:

[3.] Ampeire, I.P (2008) perception and knowledge on exclusive breastfeeding among women attending antenatal and postnatal clinics. A study from Mbarara Hospital, Uganda. Retrieved from

[4.] Diare M.F, Margaret A.C, and Anna G.W (2008) Myles Textbook for midwives. African Edition Churchill livingstone.

[5.] Ekambaram, M., Bhat, V.B, and Asif P.A.M (2010) knowledge, attitude and practice of breastfeeding among postnatal mothers. Current pediatric research vol.14 issue 2, P119-124

[6.] Federal Ministry of Health (2012) Integrated infant and Young Child Feeding Counseling. A training course participants manual.

[7.] How do I know my baby is attached properly? Retrieved from

[8.] How to breastfeed your baby. Retrieved from: 17

[9.] Joshi M.P, Ange P.M, Khan S, and Ausvi S.M (2014) Exclusive Breastfeeding Practices among postnatal mothers: How Exclusive are they?. Natl J community Med 5 (3): 276-279

[10.] Karacam Z. (2008) Factors Affecting Exclusive Breastfeeding of Healthy Babies Aged Zero to Four Months. A community based study of Turkish women. Journal of Clinical Nursing, Vol 17, issue 3 P 341-349

[11.] Kever R.T, Dathini H; Martins S.D.M, Inna A.K, Habu H, Saidu M.A. and Gana A.S (2014) knowledge of exclusive breastfeeding and proposed infant feeding pattern of post-natal mothers in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Journal of Nursing and Health Science, Vol.3 issue 5, PP 66-71

[12.] Motce A. and Jeewon R. (2014) Importance of Exclusive Breastfeeding and complementary Feeding among infants. Retrieved from:

[13.] National Demographic Health Survey (2008) Federal Republic of Nigeria, Abuja

[14.] Ojo M.A (2012) Constraints to Exclusive Breastfeeding Practice among breastfeeding mothers in South West Nigeria: Implications for Scaling up International Breastfeeding. Journal vol 7, issue 5 p5-7

[15.] Olagunju L. (2013) The importance of Exclusive Breastfeeding. Retrieved from

[16.] Omisami O.M (2010) Textbook on Child Health for Students of Health Sciences. Valen make trust publishing, Akure Ondo State.

[17.] Ugboaja J.O, Berthrand N.O, Igwegbe A.O, Obi-Nwosu A.L (2013) Barriers to postnatal care and Exclusive Breastfeeding among Urban Women in South Eastern Nigeria. Nigerian Medical Journal Vol. 54, issue 1 p. 45-50

[18.] World Health Organization (2015) Exclusive Breastfeeding. Retrieved from

[19.] World Health Organization (2015) Exclusive Breastfeeding. Retrieved from