Knowledge and Attitudes of Nurses towards Health Care Associated Infections in Lahore, Pakistan
study assesses the knowledge & attitudes of nurses regarding standard
precautions about health care associated infections (HAIs) among the different
hospitals of Lahore, Pakistan. Exposure to the body
fluids and blood is the main sources for HAIs to the patients. Health care
associated infection is a critical issue in the health care facilities because it
causes mortality and infection among the hospitalized patients and health care workers.
The World Health organization reported that ninety percent of infections among
health care workers (HCWs) are associated with the occupational exposure to the
body fluids and blood in the developing countries (Wilburn, et al., 2013). Standard precautions are used to provide the
protection to health care providers from damages and to stop spread of
nosocomial infection. Standard precautions recommend the proper hand hygiene
before and after the procedure while contact with the patients (Boyce, et al., 2013).
current study is of quantitative and cross-sectional design. Target population of
the current study was 600 nursing staff of two hospitals of Lahore, Pakistan in
which one is public hospital and other one is private hospital. The sample size
of the current study was 172 which were calculated by using Slovin’s formula. SPSS
20 was used for the data analysis.
The current study
result shows that nurses have adequate knowledge regarding standard precautions
of HAIs but lack the intention about precautions of HAIs. Thus, it is
concluded that low level attitude of nursing staff regarding standards
precautions about HAIs was assessed which cause infections to the health care
providers and patients.
Knowledge, Attitudes, Nurses, Standard precautions
and Healthcare associated infections (HAIs).
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