Lessons of the Prevention of the Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV in the Biyem-assi District Hospital From 2010 to 2015

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJPH.2013.06.03.Art003

Authors : Judith Maka, Vladimir Pente Yamou, Patrice Taka Soh, Robinson Enow Mbu


Introduction: Aids is a pandemic. In 2016, according to UNAIDS, the number of people living with HIV is 36.7 million. New infected children represent 160 000, mostly via their HIV positive mothers during pregnancy, delivery or breastfeeding. Since 2010, different political decisions were adopted and later the option B+ to reduce the transmission rate. Little is known about their implementation at the operational level in the Center Region of Cameroon.

Method: We aimed to draw the evolution of PMTCT services in the Biyem-Assi District Hospital. From 01 to 26 April 2016, through a descriptive retrospective cross sectional study, we used registers of the consultation (pregnant women, children) and HIV test from 2010 to 2015, Excel software to compile data, describe tables and figures.

Results: We found a good response rate of the HIV screening test in the ANC unit. 99.88% in 2015 compare to 95.93% in 2010. The number of pregnant women newly screened in the delivery room was increasing, 99 in 2013, 279 in 2014 and 786 in 2015. Among these pregnant women newly screened, an increasing number of positive cases; from 2 in 2010 to 10 in 2015. There was a high rate of lost to follow up of HIV-exposed infants (HEI).

Conclusion: Training of health care workers is a priority for the early infant diagnosis of HIV. Further studies are needed to reduce the lost to follow up, to screen and treat the HEI registered in the delivery rooms.

Keywords: PMTCT, HEI, option B+, Biyem-Assi District Hospital, HIV, AIDS.


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