Effectiveness of Information, Education and Communication (IEC) Package on Level of Knowledge Regarding Management of Dementia among Care Givers of Elderly in Selected Community of Amethi District, Uttar Pradesh
Dementia is a syndrome due to disease
of the brain, usually of chronic or a progressive,
debilitating disease that often results in weight loss, malnutrition, and dehydration. Most
patients with dementia receive care from family members, often untrained for this
challenging role. Caregivers may not access publicly available care giving information
and caregiver education programs are not widely implemented clinically. Family members
often receive inadequate decision-making education. The aim of the study is to
assess the effectiveness of IEC Package on level of knowledge regarding management
of dementia among the caregiver of elderly in selected urban community, Amethi.
The data was collected from 150 experimental and 150 control groups, caregivers
of elderly by structured Questionnaire schedule. Stratified Random Sampling technique
was used to select the samples.
The findings revealed that the improvement
in mean score of overall level of knowledge of caregivers of elderly between pre-test
and post-test, experimental was 8.57, paired ‘t’ test experimental was 30.3, which
was highly significant at P<0.01 and the improvement in mean score of overall
level of knowledge of caregivers of elderly between pre-test and post-test, control
group was 1, paired ‘t’ test, control group was 1.97, which was not significant
This showed that IEC package was effective
and hence research hypothesis was accepted. Where as in control group mean score
was 1, paired ‘t’ test was, 1.98 which was not significant at P<0.01, hence research
hypothesis was rejected and null hypothesis was accepted. The mean difference between
experimental group and control group was 7.95, paired ‘t’ test was 17.94, which
was highly significant at P<0.01. This showed that IEC package was effective
and hence research hypothesis was accepted.
Keywords: IEC Package, Knowledge, Caregiver
of Elderly, Management of Dementia.
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