Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Associated Risk Factors among Local Government Workers at Bariadi Town Council, Tanzania, A Cross Section Study 2017
Background: Although the government-initiated
interventions to address the risk of diet-related non-communicable diseases, the
prevalence of T2DM is still high, we conducted this study to determine the magnitude
of T2DM and associated risk factors among health workers in Bariadi Town Council
Methodology: A cross-sectional study
approach was applied for 229 participants. Qualitative variable was measured using
proportion and quantitative variable were measured using mean and median. Strength
of association was assessed by Odds Ratios with their corresponding 95% confidence
interval. Both bivariable and multivariable logistic regression was used.
Results: The overall prevalence
was found to be 7.9% (95%CI=4.7-12.1). Risk factors for T2DM were found to be sex
(OR=4.545, 95%CI: 1.069-19.325), age between 30-41 and 41-50 years (OR=8.08, 95%CI:
1.215-53.741; OR=15.08, 95%CI: 2.315-98.342) and history of raised blood sugar (OR=0.032,
Conclusion: Prevalence of T2DM was
found to be high, female having higher than male. Sex, age, history of diabetes
had significant association with T2DM. Control efforts should be directed on screening
and public nutrition programmes.
Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus; Non-Insulin;
Risk factors; prevention.
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