Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Associated Risk Factors among Local Government Workers at Bariadi Town Council, Tanzania, A Cross Section Study 2017

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJPH.2013.07.04.Art028

Authors : Chacha Magige Nyabisaga, Mageda Kihulya, James E. Mlangwa, Athuman M. Lupimdu


Background: Although the government-initiated interventions to address the risk of diet-related non-communicable diseases, the prevalence of T2DM is still high, we conducted this study to determine the magnitude of T2DM and associated risk factors among health workers in Bariadi Town Council Tanzania.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study approach was applied for 229 participants. Qualitative variable was measured using proportion and quantitative variable were measured using mean and median. Strength of association was assessed by Odds Ratios with their corresponding 95% confidence interval. Both bivariable and multivariable logistic regression was used.

Results: The overall prevalence was found to be 7.9% (95%CI=4.7-12.1). Risk factors for T2DM were found to be sex (OR=4.545, 95%CI: 1.069-19.325), age between 30-41 and 41-50 years (OR=8.08, 95%CI: 1.215-53.741; OR=15.08, 95%CI: 2.315-98.342) and history of raised blood sugar (OR=0.032, 95%CI: 0.006-0.167).

Conclusion: Prevalence of T2DM was found to be high, female having higher than male. Sex, age, history of diabetes had significant association with T2DM. Control efforts should be directed on screening and public nutrition programmes.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus; Non-Insulin; Risk factors; prevention.


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