Impacts of Health Education Intervention Programme on Vaccines Hesitancy and Routine Immunization Schedule Adherence in Taraba State-Nigeria

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJPH.2013.SE.19.02.Art014

Authors : Zorto Dwamo Philip


Vaccines hesitancy is an established phenomenon that contributes significant health challenges with resultant high morbidities and mortalities. This study examined the impact of health education in resolving vaccines hesitancy and non-adherence to routine immunization schedule among intervention group in comparison to the non-intervention group in Taraba State. Interventions to resolve vaccines-hesitancy and non-adherence to childhood routine immunization schedule in Nigeria is highly needed but inadequate.

Quasi-experimental design used; newborn infant’s mothers accessing immunization in two health facilities PHCC Kona (the intervention group) and PHC Mayo Gwai (the control group) constitute target population explored in this study. Sample size of 20 newborn infant mothers each from the two health facilities, intervention and non-intervention.

The mean age for both intervention and control group are 27.20+ 2.93, and 27.51+ 2.95 respectively. Participants were female, 60% have non-education, 25% have primary education, 15% have secondary education, participants with none and tertiary education 0%. Married [78%] Single [18%]; Divorced [4%]; Widow [0%]; Separated [0%]. The results of appointment-keeping measured at 9thmonth follow-up on a 9-point scale reported for control (𝑋=4.77, SE=0.13 or 64.1%) and for intervention one (𝑋=7.50, SE=0.06 or 94.3%) showed a large effect size (ES) of 2.31(95%CI: 2.74 to 3.88) that was significant at p<0.001.

At the end of the study fully vaccinated were 20 (100%), partial and not vaccinated 0% each. For the control group, fully vaccinated were 5(25%) partially vaccinated 13 (65%) not vaccinated 0 (0%).

Keywords: Vaccines hesitancy, vaccination, routine immunization schedule adherence, vaccines preventable diseases, mothers, and family support health education.


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