Burden of Childhood Diseases at Baptist Hospital Mutengene: A Retrospective Survey
Childhood diseases, pediatric cancer burden, Baptist
Hospital Mutengene, Cameroon.
pattern of disease burden has changed worldwide in past decades. Non communicable
diseases, including cancers, are the main cause of mortality and morbidity in both
high income countries (HICs)and low and middle income countries (LMICs). Pediatric
oncology is not seen as a child health priority in most LICs like Cameroon amongst
many others where pediatric cancer data are fragmented. The objective of this study
was to generate data on childhood diseases at Baptist Hospital Mutengene(BHM) and
to measure the burden attributed to pediatric cancerusing incidence, mortality,
cancer related admission and quality of life in cancer survivors in order to guide
resource allocation to the pediatric ward. A retrospective cohort study and a secondary
data analysis were conducted from 2006 to 2013. Communicable diseases (malaria,
chest infection and diarrhea) constitute the main burden of childhood diseases at
BHM based on incidence and mortality. Pediatric cancers led by Burkitt lymphoma
are contributing to an extent to the burden of childhood diseases with a proportionate
incidence of 1 to 2 cases per 1000 per year and an admission rate of 31.8 per 1000
per year. 26 (13%) of 193 Burkitt lymphoma patients suffered a disability in the
course of their illness and treatment and 2 (7.6% of the 26 but 1% of the 193) had
a permanent disability due to Burkitt lymphoma, the leading pediatric cancer at
BHM .Pediatric cancers contribute to increasing the burden of childhood diseases
at BHM based on incidence, admission rate and quality of life of cancer survivors.
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