Attitude and Behaviour of Users of Motorcycle towards the use of Crash Helmet in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
determine the attitude and behaviour of users of motorcycle towards the use of
crash helmet in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.
STUDY DESIGN -this is a cross-sectional study design
that made use of quantitative survey method involving data collection and
PARTICIPANTS -283 voluntary adults who were randomly
recruited within Ado-Ekiti metropolis.
METHOD -a semi-structured questionnaire was
administered to participants who also consented to the survey. A
cross-sectional study was employed in this research to enable any desired data
to be collected at one point in time.
RESULTS – There were 283 returned and analyzable
questionnaires out of 321 questionnaires administered. The modal age group was
21-30 years (42%). There were more males, 209 (73.9%), than females, 74(26.1%).
Majority of the respondents were single (55.1%).This was followed by
respondents who were married (41.0%). A total number of 16(5.7%) respondents
only had primary education, 126(44.5%) secondary education, 113(39.9%)
tertiary, while 28(9.9%) had no formal education. Students, 92(32.5%), were the
majority of the respondents. Two hundred and forty respondents (84.8%) believed
that it is necessary to use crash helmet, while 43(15.2%) did not believe that
it is necessary. The frequency of self-reported helmet use was 171(60.4%),
while 112(39.6%) had never used helmet. Seventy percent of respondents believed
that helmet use should be made compulsory for users of motorcycle. Various
reasons for non use of helmet include too heavy 99(35.0%), fear of contracting
disease 93(32.9%), not protective 24(8.5%), and other reasons not included in
the options 6.7(23.7%).
CONCLUSIONS – This study highlighted that a far
greater number of respondents believed that the use of crash helmet is
necessary for safety and should be made compulsory. Nevertheless, the
discomfort which is associated with wearing a crash helmet and perceived risk
of contracting infection from helmet usage were the main negative factors
militating against helmet usage.
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