A Review of Community TB Care Intervention In Nigeria – a Care Study of Ngo Intervention – a Capstone Project

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Authors : Ochei Kingsley Chinedum


Global burden of TB (1 Frequently asked questions about TB and HIV - http://data.unaids.org/pub/FactSheet/2006/TB_HIV_QA

One third of the world’s population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis,the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB). The vast majority of these people never develop active disease; only 5-10% of people infected with TB actually develop TB disease during their lifetimes. However, co-infection with HIV makes TB disease much more likely and 10% of people with TB and HIV co-infection will develop TB disease each year. In its Global TB Control Report for 2008, WHO estimated global TB prevalence of 14.4 million and incidence (new cases) of 9.2 million (139 per 100,000 population) for 2006. The Africa Region has the highest incidence rate per capita of 363 per 100,000 population. It is noteworthy that only 5.1 million (55%) of the estimated new cases were notified to WHO. Sub-Sahara Africa, South East Asia, and Western Pacific regions accounted for 83% of the notifications. Nigeria and South Africa were ranked 5th and 4th respectively among the top five of the 22 high burden countries with India, China, and Indonesia occupying the top three places in that order. There were an estimated 1.5 million deaths from TB in HIV-negative people and 0.2 million among people infected with HIV.


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