Assessment of Knowledge and use of Rainwater Harvesting in a Rural Community of Edo State

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Authors : Ekaete Alice Tobin


In areas of low rainfall or high altitude, rain water harvesting (RWH) becomes an important source of water supply for domestic use. The study assessed the practice of rain water harvesting in a rural community in Edo state Nigeria. Using a cross sectional study design , a pre-tested structured interviewer administered questionnaire was administered to selected households. A structured observational checklist was used for assessment of quality of rainwater harvesting system.

Data was analysed using SPSS version 20, results were presented as frequencies, with statistical test applied where appropriate. Ethical clearance was obtained from the Ethical review board of the Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua.

Findings show that RWH was practiced by over 80% of households, with the roof top as the catchment area. Stored water was most commonly used for personal hygiene purposed. RWH practice was found to be unsatisfactory in the majority of households. Health education should focus on informing households on appropriate design and maintenance of RWH systems.


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