Epidemiological aspect of Patient Consulting at Dental Clinic at Hlotse, Leribe, Lesotho

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Authors : Jonathan Tshimwanga Lukusa


A descriptive study has been conducted between March and August 2013 on 196 patients consulting the oral clinic at Motebang Hospital aimed at to determine their epidemiological patterns. The findings are as follow:

·         The dental cavity is the most common oral disease with 40.0% and 34,8 % of which in severe clinical form;

·         the range of age between 6-10 years is consulting more than all others ranges the oral clinic with 17,7 %;

·         The dental care (brushing) is performed once a day with 72.2% and horizontally with 64.1%. The children less than 5 years and between 6-10 years do not perform any dental care per day in 28, 6 %( CI=28,6±3,9)

·         The intake of sugar (especially free sugar) is highest than any with 80.8% and the patients with high intake of sugar developed dental cavity in 81,8%;

·         The odds ratio between the sugars’ intake and the development of the dental cavity is 2,19 (OR 2,19; CI=44,3±6,7)

·         The frequency of jobless was 42.4%

·         The facial trauma especially fractures and dislocations of teeth represent 22.7% and are highly more frequent than periodontal diseases which represent 9.5%.

·         The frequency of congenital malformations was 4.0%


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