Condom Use among HIV infected clients seeking care at Rimuka Integrated HIV and Tuberculosis Site, Kadoma, Zimbabwe 2015.

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJPH.2013.04.02.Art049

Authors : Daniel Chirundu


Condom Use among HIV infected clients seeking care at Rimuka Integrated HIV and Tuberculosis Site, Kadoma, Zimbabwe 2015. Daniel Chirundu, Brian Shawarira, Rumbidzai Kazingizi, Pamela Nyaradzai Magande

Introduction. Inconsistent use of condoms among HIV the infected during vaginal sex is a cause of concern. Its can lead to STI, unwanted pregnancies and infection with resistant strains of HIV. A study done in Kadoma revealed that among the respondents 35% had not used condoms during their last sexual encounter. It is against this background that we investigated factors associated with condom use among HIV clients seeking care .

Methodology. We used an analytical cross sectional study design. The study population were HIV infected clients seeking care at Rimuka Clinic. A sample size of 150 respondents were conveniently recruited. Data were captured using a pretested administered questionnaire. Data were analysed using EpiInfo 7 statistical software. Written informed consent was obtained from respondents.

Results. We interviewed 150 respondents. The prevalence of consistent condom use in the 3 months prior to the study was 52% among females and 37% among males. Factors positively associated with condom use were partners positive feelings on condom OR=7 p<0.05 . Factors negatively associated with condom use were being gainfully employed OR= 0.4 p<0.05; perception that condoms reduce sexual pleasure OR=0.2 p<0.05; thinking that there is no need for a condom in a long term union, OR = 0.29 p=0.02, no need for condom if HIV positive OR=0.11 p=0.01; perceptions that condoms are for use by prostitutes OR=0.23 p=0.04.

Conclusion: Correct consistent condom use should be encouraged among the HIV infected.


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