Malaria Prevalence among Children in Abuja
has been noted as world’s most important tropical parasitic disease that has
killed millions of children mostly in developing countries of the World. The
attendant problems associated with malaria prevention and treatment in most
African countries had substantially increased the yearly rates of infant
illness and child death. Therefore, this prospective study focused on the
prevalence of malaria among children in different areas in Nigeria. Thick and
thin films were made and stained using parasitological standard procedures.
Structured questionnaire were also distributed to ascertain their state of
health before recruiting them into the study.
Overall 30% of Male and 15.7% of female were respectively positive to
malaria diagnosis while 35.7% and 18.6% male and female were negative
respectively. High rate of 87.5%, 88.9% and 100% of toddlers, infant and school
children respectively had fever while 9.4% and 8.0% toddlers and pre-school
children suffer convulsion respectively. Malaria parasite was found in 77.8%
infants, 65.6% toddlers, 60% pre-school and 75% school children but total of
34.3% of all the children had no parasite. Symptoms observed among the children
indicate a very high percentage of 88.9% infant showing fever while all the
school age of 6 to 10 years age shows feverish symptoms due to malaria
prevalence of malaria among children observed in this study shows increasing
burden of malaria in the early years of many children. Aggressive and strategic
intervention shall be needed to curtail and prevent unforeseen death rate of
many vulnerable children.
has been noted as world’s most important tropical parasitic disease that has killed
more people than any other communicable disease (1). It has remains one of the
most prevalent diseases in the World with an estimated 300-500 million cases
annually of which 90% occurs in Africa (1). The increasing burden of malaria
among children in sub-Saharan Africa has now constituted a leading cause of
high mortality due to poverty in this region and poor environmental hygiene
which serve as major risk factor. This is because sub-Sahara African region has
the greatest number of people exposed to malaria transmission, greatest burden
of malaria morbidity and mortality in the world (2). The problems associated
with malaria treatment in Africa had substantially increased the rates of
illness and death mostly among children (3,4). It is estimated that more than
one million children living in Africa die yearly from direct and indirect
effects of malaria infection (5). This make malaria a major public health
problem and leading cause of premature death in tropical and subtropical
countries among children (6).
attendant problems associated with malaria treatment in most Africa countries
had substantially increased the yearly rates of infant illness and death
(3,7). With regards to children aged
between 1 and 3 years of age, malaria attack episode usually last for 5 to 15
days and often incapacitate the victim with several symptom which include
frequent vomiting, convulsion and progressive difficult breathing.
In respect to this,
many households had to spend enormous amount on lives, medical cost and drugs.
The daily labour cost coupled with cost of treatment and high mortality
associated with the disease make malaria one of the main factors retarding
development in Africa. Despite huge loss of economic resources, public health,
productivity and life span had been adversely affected subjecting many people to
abject poverty (8), mostly in hyper-endemic areas in Nigeria (9).
is a known infection caused by the parasite Plasmodium, of which P. falciparum
and P. vivax are the most common but mixed infections with two or more of the
Plasmodium species are common. P. falciparum is responsible for most severe,
often fatal forms of malaria disease in tropical region (10). Nigeria accounted
for more than 25% of the malaria disease burden in Africa, and this has
significantly contributed to death of million in a year, which mostly consist
of children and pregnant women (11).Despite all efforts to provide several
preventive methods; malaria related deaths accounts for up to 11% of maternal
mortality, 25% of infant mortality and 30% of under five mortality, resulting
in about 300,000 childhood death annually (12). The vast majority of deaths
occur among children below five years of age and pregnant women (13),
especially in remote rural areas with poor access to health. Therefore, this
prospective study focused on the prevalence of malaria among children in
different areas in Nigeria
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