Impact of Safe Water and Improved Sanitation on Incidence/Prevalence of Typhoid Fever Globally

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJPH.2013.04.02.Art006

Authors : Otojareri Kohwo Anthony


Typhoid fever is a systemic infection caused by the bacterium salmonella typhi. It occurs worldwide and more in developing countries. This study is a review of existing journals on typhoid fever is aimed to determine whether safe water usage or consumption and improved sanitation had an impact on the incidence/prevalence of typhoid fever globally.

A literature search is carried out reviewing current and existing journals on typhoid fever.

From the view, it was noted in most of the articles by various authors that safe water usage and improved sanitation impacted on incidence and prevalence of typhoid fever.

It is however recommended that with implementation of various public health strategies on safe water, improved sanitation and personal hygiene there will be a reduction in the incidence of typhoid fever in our environment.

Vacuration program on Typhoid should be stepped to further curb the high mortality rate from this water borne disease.

Keywords: Typhoid fever, safe water, unproved sanitation.


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