A Retrospective Study of Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) Prevalence among Patients in Eastern Nigeria Medical Centre Enugu, Nigeria
A retrospective study aimed at ascertaining
the prevalence of Pulmonary TB amongst patients visiting Eastern Nigeria Medical
Centre, Enugu State was conducted between September, 2015 and November, 2015. Sputum
samples were obtained from one hundred and twenty patients. Samples were smeared
on glass slides, stained using Ziehl Neelsen Stain and observed under light (oil
immersion) microscopy. Data obtained were analysed using SPSS Statistic Base 17.0,
where descriptive analyses such as sum, percent distribution, and mean, were computed.
While Chi- Squared Goodness of Fit, degree of differences, p- value in order to
statistically determine if any significance between variables such as age groups,
sex of subjects, AFB positivity and prevalence existed. The results showed positive
results for tuberculosis with prevalence of 42 (35%) out of 120 subjects. The age
group 21-30 years had the highest prevalence of 18 (43%) out of 42 of PTB positive
subjects. There was no significant difference between sex of subjects with PTB positivity
(X2: 1.33 at P= 0.12). There was significant difference between age groups
of subjects with PTB positivity (X2: 33.18 at P= 0.01). It is observed
that PTB is still a serious health burden in this part of the world, thus, there
is need for improved TB awareness, treatment and control programme.
Keywords: Tuberculosis (TB), Pulmonary, Ziehl
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