A Retrospective Study of Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) Prevalence among Patients in Eastern Nigeria Medical Centre Enugu, Nigeria

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJPH.2013.04.02.Art017

Authors : Mgbe Chinenye Glory, Mgbe Emeka Kevin


A retrospective study aimed at ascertaining the prevalence of Pulmonary TB amongst patients visiting Eastern Nigeria Medical Centre, Enugu State was conducted between September, 2015 and November, 2015. Sputum samples were obtained from one hundred and twenty patients. Samples were smeared on glass slides, stained using Ziehl Neelsen Stain and observed under light (oil immersion) microscopy. Data obtained were analysed using SPSS Statistic Base 17.0, where descriptive analyses such as sum, percent distribution, and mean, were computed. While Chi- Squared Goodness of Fit, degree of differences, p- value in order to statistically determine if any significance between variables such as age groups, sex of subjects, AFB positivity and prevalence existed. The results showed positive results for tuberculosis with prevalence of 42 (35%) out of 120 subjects. The age group 21-30 years had the highest prevalence of 18 (43%) out of 42 of PTB positive subjects. There was no significant difference between sex of subjects with PTB positivity (X2: 1.33 at P= 0.12). There was significant difference between age groups of subjects with PTB positivity (X2: 33.18 at P= 0.01). It is observed that PTB is still a serious health burden in this part of the world, thus, there is need for improved TB awareness, treatment and control programme.

Keywords: Tuberculosis (TB), Pulmonary, Ziehl Neelsen.


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