A Study Of The Predisposing Factors To Vesico-Vaginal Fistula In Women Of Ebonyi Local Government Area Of Ebonyi State
Vesico-vaginal fistula is an
abnormal hole between the urinary bladder and the vagina leading to involuntary
discharge of urine into the vagina. Vesico-vaginal fistula still remains one of
the main morbidities of childbirth in developing world and Ebonyi Local
Government Area of Ebonyi State is a typical example.
The study was aimed at
identifying those predisposing factors to VVF in women of Ebonyi local
government area of Ebonyi State. It is a cross-sectional descriptive community
based study and a total of 386 women of child bearing age were assessed using
interviewer administered questionnaires.
The study revealed that 80% (309)
of the studied population were aware of VVF. The study also revealed that the
predisposing factors to VVF were influenced by one’s level of education and
employment status as both variables were statistically significant. Level of
education and employment status were directly proportional to one’s knowledge
and inversely proportional to those predisposing factors to the development of
In conclusion, major breakthrough
is still needed in order to get the women of Ebonyi Local Government Area of
Ebonyi State to actually know about VVF and those predisposing factors for the
development of VVF. To decrease those predisposing factors that can lead to
VVF; the study suggested advocacy, health education, economic empowerment of
women, girl child education and improving the socio-economic status of women as
tools to bringing the desired change.
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