To evaluate the
factors leading to the prevalence and secular trends for overweight and obese
among the adolescents in junior high schools.
study review of literature was conducted on facilitating factors to the prevalence
and secular trends, obesity prevention in junior high schools. Theoretical
sources of information relevant to obesity (idea-based) were used. Primary,
secondary and tertiary sources were used to have a broader overview of obesity.
The general approach was a combination of chronological thematic and conceptual
concepts. A descriptive analysis of the objectives was done
prenatal environment or the physical form of our community play a vital role
and that can also promote obesity in young people through epigenic effects
It was found
that high-fat and energy dense diet has tremendously increased in the 21st
century while most young population have increasingly lead sedentary lives. The
life style of fast foods and little physical activity have increased the
prevalence of obesity among school going children, adolescent and adults too.
The related obesity and chronic disease risk factors have become major public
health concerns. Multilevel model is related to local ecological model on the
principal of preventing obesity. Therefore multilevel is a good model to
prevent obesity in school. The risk regulations–health behaviour–genetic
factors model approach laid a good ground for strategic prevention of obesity
and evaluation of multilevel model practices, food intake, production and
Key words: Obesity, Junior high schools, Obesogenic prenatal environment, Multi-level model, Risk regulators-Health behaviour-Genetic factors.
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