Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Physical Activity Among Health Professionals in A Nigerian Tertiary Health Institution
The public health
campaign on the need for people to undertake physical activity (PA) as a
primary way of preventing chronic health problems such as diabetes mellitus,
obesity and cardiovascular diseases can be sustained through intensive
counseling of patients/clients by health care providers who are vast in the
practice of PA.
To assess the
knowledge, attitude and practice of PA among health professionals at the
Federal Medical Centre (FMC), Owo, Nigeria.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
One hundred and three
(103) health professionals (HP) working at the FMC, among whom 24.3%, 22.3% and
19.4% are Medical/Dental Practitioners, Medical Laboratory Scientists, and
Nurses respectively participated in the study. They were required to complete a
22 item closed-ended questionnaire which was self-administered. Frequencies and
percentages of proportion of respondents were computed, data were also
summarized in pie charts.
were found to have awareness of the health benefits of PA, 93 (90.29%) believed
they were physically fit, 67(65.05%) were able to adequately define physical
fitness, while 79(76.70%) professionals have counseled patients/clients about
the health benefits of physical exercises. However, only 25 (24.27%) know the
true parameters for assessing physical fitness.
The knowledge of the
sampled HPs about PA appears poor, although their attitude is positive. There
is need for health care givers to be exposed to educative measures that will
enrich their knowledge of PA and how to achieve optimal fitness level through
knowledge, health professionals
Ayanniyi O, Fabunmi AO, Akinpelu OO
(2012) Effect of age on physical activity levels among teachers in selected
secondary schools, Ibadan, Nigeria. Medicina
Sportiva (2012), vol VIII, no 4, 1978-1982
Babakus WS and Thompson JL (2012)
Physical activity among South Asian women: a systematic, mixed-methods review .
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2012, 9:150
3. Eapen D, Kalra GL, Mercharnt N, Arora A, Khan BV (2009): Metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease in South Asians. Vasc Health Risk Manag 5:731–743.
4. Gill JMR, Malkova D (2006): Physical activity, fitness and cardiovascular disease risk in adults: interactions with insulin resistance and obesity. Clin Sci 110:409–425.
Rehman L, Thompson A, Phil Campagna P.
,Pickard T.,Bennett1 T, and Perks A (2003): Physical Activity Counselling by Healthcare Professionals in Nova Scotia:
The Need for a Consistent Message A Final Report
Ribera A.P McKenna J; Riddoch C (2005)
Attitudes and practices of physicians and nurses regarding physical activity
promotion in the Catalan primary health-care system. European Journal of
Public Health, Vol. 15, No. 6, 569–575
U.S. Preventive Services Task Force.
(USPSTF). (2003). Behavioural counselling in primary care to promote physical
activity: Recommendation and rationale. American Journal of Nursing, 103(4):
8. Williams ED, Stamatakis E, Chandola T, Hamer M (2010): Physical activity behaviour and coronary heart disease mortality among South Asian people in the UK: an observational longitudinal study. Heart 97:655–659.
Wilson, D. and Ciliska, D. (1992).
Family physicians and exercise counselling; Can they be influenced to provide
more? Canadian Family Physician, 38: 2003.