Knowledge and Attitude Towards Prevention and Control of Malaria in Nigeria – The Implications

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Authors : Okumagba Mamodesan



To ascertain the level of knowledge about malaria, its prevention, and control; to determine the relationship between knowledge acquisition and malaria disease; and to determine malaria treatment preference with regards to what and where malaria treatment(s) are received in the community.


This cross sectional study used semi-structured questionnaires to gather information from participants in Ukwuani Local Government Area of Nigeria. Trained interviewers used direct one-on-one interviews. Collected data were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.


From a total of 262 participants, 100 (38.17%) respondents didn’t actually know what malaria is, 85 (32.44%) didn’t really know the cause of malaria, and only 109 (41.6%) participants practice some form of malaria prevention and control. A logistic regression analysis of malaria incidence in the last four weeks as the dependent variable, and levels of educational qualification as the independent variable gave a significance of <0.05. Out of the total 46 respondents who got infected with malaria disease in the last four weeks, 21 (45.65%) did not attend any health facility, but opted for self medication.


The level of knowledge about malaria, its prevention, and control can be improved on through well planned consistent health promotion.


Knowledge and attitude, malaria, prevention and control, Nigeria.


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