Nurses and Physicians’ Perceptions towards Physical Activity Promotion in Kanye Health Facilities – Botswana

Download Article

Authors : Sophonie Ndahayo, Monique Mukanyandwi Ndahayo, Akeem T. Ketlogetswe, Messina Gofamodimo


This study on perceptions, practices, and levels of physical activity (PA) promotion by nurses and physicians in Kanye health facilities is a quantitative cross-sectional research. The population comprised 220 prospective respondents (205 nurses and 15 physicians). Of those who agreed to participate, data were collected using a self-administered structured questionnaire after a pilot study. Simple random sampling was used in data collection. Data were analyzed using STATA. Findings were presented in the form of tables and graphs. Results showed 98.4% perceive PA as promoting health, while 92.3% said PA promotion is a daily duty of nurses and physicians. Of the total respondents, 61.3% were engaged in PA. A major finding of this research is that 89.2% of respondents perceive that PA promotion should be a requirement for contemporary health facilities. Results showed that a good number of respondents (67.6%) reported that they promote physical activity. Thus, hypothesis number two that there is a high proportion of nurses and physicians who do not promote PA was rejected at 0.05 level of significance. The study recommended the inclusion of PA promotion and skills in the curriculum of nurses and physicians.

Key words: physical activity (PA), PA promotion, general practice, moderate-intensity PA, engaged in PA.


[1]. Conn, S.V. (2004). Anxiety outcomes after physical activity interventions – meta-analysis findings. Nursing research 59(3), 224-231.

[2]. World Health Organisation (2004). Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health. Geneva.

[3]. Donaldson (2009).

[4]. Fallon, A. E. and Hausenblas, A. H. (2004). Trans-theoretical Model: is termination applicable to exercise? American Journal of Health Studies

[5]. Finn, K., Johannsen, N., and Specker, B. (2002). Factors associated with preschool children. Journal of of Pediatrics. Iowa: Mosby.

[6]. Fox, K., Biddle, S., Edmunds, L., Bowler, I., and Killoran, A. (1997). Physical activity promotion through primary health care in England. British Journal of General Practice 47, pp. 367-369.

[7]. Hagberg (2005). Updated physical activity guidelines 2007. Atlanta: American College of Sports Medicine

[8]. Family Heritage Books (2001). Radiant Living, Simple Steps to Health and Happiness.

[9]. Lim, K., and Taylor, L. (2005). Factors associated with physical activity among older people – A population-based study. Preventive Medicine 40, pp. 33-40.

[10]. Wildwood: Project Restore. Ludington, A. & Diehl, H. (2000). Health Power, Health by Choice Not Chance. Hagerstown: Review and Herald.

[11]. Ribera, A. P., McKenna, J. and Riddock, C. (2005). Attitudes and practices of physicians and nurses regarding physical activity promotion in the Catalan primary health-care system. The European Journal of Public Health 15 (6), 569-575.

[12]. US Department of Health and Human Services (1996). Physical activity and health: A report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta: Department of Health and Human Services, Centres for Disease Prevention Control and Prevention, National Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, the President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports.

[13]. Guallar-Castillon, P., Lopez Garcia, E., Lozano, Palacios, L., et al (2002) The relationship of overweight and obesity with subjective health and use of health-care services among Spanish women. Int J Obes 26, 247-242.

[14]. Epstein, L. H. (1998). Integrating theoretical approaches to promote physical activity. Am J Prev Med 15, 257-265.

[15]. Sparling, P.B., Owen, N., Lambert, E.V., Haskel, W. L. (2000). Promoting physical activity: the new imperative for public health. Health education research 15(3), 367-376.

[16]. Harrabi, I., Maatoug, J., Gaha, M., Kebaili, R., Gaha, R., and Ghannem, H. (2009). School-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyles in Sousse, Tunisia. Indian Journal of Community Medecine 35(1), 94-99.

[17]. Hancock, T. (2007). The Ottawa Charter for health promotion: A critical reflection background to the 19th IUHPE World conference on health promotion and health education, “Health promotion comes of age: Research, policy, & practice for the 21st century.” Supplement,

[18]. Lobelo, F., Duperly, and Frank (2009). Physical activity habits of doctors and medical students influence their counselling practices. British Journal of Sports Medecine 43, 89-92.

[19]. Robertson, M.C., Devlin, N., Gardner, M.M., and Campbell, A. J. (2001). Effectiveness and economic evaluation of a nurse delivered home exercise programme to prevent falls – two: controlled trial in multiple centres. The Journal of the royal society for the promotion of health 121, 143-143

[20]. Rollo, I. (2004). Understanding the role of exercise in health promotion. Nursing Time. (100), 37, p. 36.

[21]. Elley, R. C., Kerse, N., Arroll, B., Robinson, E. (2003). Effectiveness of counselling patients on physical activity in general practice: cluster randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal 326, 793

[22].Chiverton, P. A., Votava, K. M. and Tortoretti, D.M. (2003). The future role of nursing in health promotion. American Journal of health promotion 18 (2), 192-194.

[23].McKenna, J., Naylor, P.J., and McDowell, N. (1998). Barriers to physical activity promotion by general practitioners and practice nurses. British Journal of sports Medicine 32, 242-247.

[24].McKenna, J., Naylor, P.J., and McDowell, N. (1997). Factors that influence practice nurses to promote physical activity. British Journal of Sports Medicine 31, 308-313.

[25].Ryan, M. K. (2008). Health promotion of faculty and staff: the school nurse’s role. The Journal of school nursing 24(4), 183-189.

[26].U.S. Department of health and human services, Centres for disease control and prevention, National centre for chronic disease prevention and health promotion, and the President’s council on physical fitness and sports (1999). Physical activity and health, a report of the Surgeon General Executive Summary. Atlanta: National centre for chronic disease prevention and health promotion.

[27].Steptoe, Doherty, Kendrick, Rink, and Hilton (1999). Attitudes to cardiovascular health promotion among general practitioners and practice nurses. Family practice 16 (2), 158-163.

[28].Ptlotnikoff, R.C., Taylor, L.M., Wilson, P.M., Courneya, K.S., Sigal, R.J., Birkett, N., Raine, K., and Svenson, L.W. (2006). Factors associated with physical activity in Canadian adults with diabetes. Medical Science Sports Exercise 38(8), pp. 1526-1534.

[29].www.who.iint World Health Organisation (2006).. Working Together – The World Health.