This is a study done to assess the knowledge and attitude of health care workers
in Nigeria about the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). This study became
necessary because there is now exportation of the disease from Saudi Arabia, to
It is a cross-sectional study, involving 224 respondents. Descriptive statistics
was used to get the characteristics, mean attitude and knowledge scores of the study
participants. Chi-square test was used to determine the relationship that exists
between study variables and questions on attitude. Inferential statistics, Mann-Whitney
U and Kruskal Wallis tests, were used to examine differences between study variables.
P values < 0.05 were considered significant. Spearman’s rho correlation was employed
in the identification of the association between knowledge and attitude scores.
The respondents showed a fairly good knowledge and good attitude towards MERS. There
was a significant correlation between knowledge and attitude (r = 0.301, P <
0.001). Respondents showed poorest knowledge in thinking that MERS is still restricted
to the Arabian Peninsula (8.5%), however, they showed good knowledge in the type
of people the disease is most devastated in (87.9%). Many of the respondents demonstrated
a positive attitude in the sharing of MERS related information among peers (1.39
± 0.866) but their attitude towards their active participation in infection control
is the poorest (2.49 ±1.242).
This study revealed that health care workers in Nigeria have fairly good knowledge
and good attitude towards MERS, but demonstrated very poor knowledge and negative
attitude in some areas.
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