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literature have concentrated mainly on large businesses. This study examined the
impact of HRM practices on the performance of in SMEs in Kwara State. Primary data
was collected using a structured questionnaire which was administered to 195 SMEs
registered with National Association of Small and Medium Enterprises (NASMEs) in
Kwara Central Senatorial District. Hypotheses were tested using Multiple Regression
analysis and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficients. Findings revealed
that overall; HRM practices have significant impact on the performance of SMEs in
Kwara State. This was indicated by the result of the multiple regression analysis
which showed an overall p-value of 0.000 and R2 of 0.615. Reward was
found to have positive significant relationship (β=0.46; t = 11.01; p). Similarly, owner/manager communication
style has a positive relationship (β=0.30; t = 7.05; p). Recruitment and selection (β= 0.32;
t = 7.44; p) as well as training and development
(β= 0.47; t = 4.66; p) was significant but very low. The
study concluded that SMEs in Kwara State, Nigeria adopt HRM practices to a large
extent. It was recommended that SMEs should pay more attention to the HRM practices
identified in this study with a view to improving their implementation.
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