Outcome of Community-Initiated Treatment of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis Patients in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJAR.2014.SE.22.02.Art011

Authors : Asuquo, E. A.


Drug-resistant Tuberculosis (DRTB) occurs when the drugs used to treat TB are misused or mismanaged by, WHO 2018 Examples of misuse or mismanagement include People who do not complete a full course of TB treatment, Health care providers prescribing the wrong treatment (the wrong dose or length of time), Drugs for proper treatment are not available, and poor quality of drugs. The study aimed at determining the treatment outcome of Community-Initiated Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis Patients registered between January 2017 and December 2020.in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. The study design was a retrospective cohort study; a total sampling technique was employed to review patients that were diagnosed and registered during the period of study. The demographic and clinical data of each patient were retrieved from the DR-TB patient treatment cards, DR-TB patient treatment progress notes from directly observed treatment short-course (DOTS) providers in the community, the state DR-TB central register, and treatment card. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Software (Version 23; SPSS, Chicago, IL, USA). The median age of clients that participated in the study was 34 years [27- 49.5]. Most of the participants were male (56.2%), and a greater proportion of the enrollees were all new cases (76.3%). The study determined some of the sociodemographic characteristics of patients that received treatment for drug-resistant tuberculosis using the Community-Initiated model, their health outcomes, and assessed the predictors of some of the health outcomes.


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