Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis among Females Aged 17-24 Years, Khartoum, Sudan

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJPH.2013.06.03.Art017

Authors : Shahd Khalid Mohammed, Zeinab Swareldahab, Osama A. A Elkhidir


Background: Osteoporosis (OP), a metabolic disorder which affects mainly bones, is characterized by low bone mass and is associated with serious health and economic burden. The main musculoskeletal problems associated with it are hip fractures with a worldwide prevalence of about 1.6 million and high rates of morbidity and mortality. It is a silent disease and usually does not manifest until fractures occur. The Aim of this study were to assess knowledge, attitude and practice toward postmenopausal osteoporosis and its preventive measures among female students aged 17-24years in Khartoum, Sudan.

Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted in three different faculties of the University of Khartoum. Data was collected from 226 female students aged 17-24 by stratified systematic random sampling using a pre-tested, pre-coded self-administered questionnaire.

Results: The majority (84.8%) of respondents heard about osteoporosis. Faculty curriculum was the main source of information (31.1%), followed by family and friends (15.3%). The overall knowledge of respondents about OP was below average (57.1%), average (42%) and good (0.9%). About three-fifth (58.1%) were aware about their susceptibility to get it in the future and (61%) were concerned about taking preventive measures. The majority of respondents (94.9%) perceived the seriousness of OP. Milk and dairy products were the most commonly identified as sources of calcium (33.8%).

Conclusions: The overall knowledge was below average. Raising knowledge about osteoporosis may be an effective tool in preventing the problem and subsequently osteoporotic fractures later in life.

Keywords: postmenopausal oosteoporosis, hip fractures, knowledge, attitudes, practice.


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