and Syphilis share certain epidemiological characteristics and route of
transmission with HIV, and co-infections are not uncommon. Against the backdrop
of the need for understanding of the risk factors as a cornerstone for
designing effective prevention and control interventions, this research
determined the prevalence and some determinants of co-infection of hepatitis
and syphilis among PLHIVs.
Descriptive cross sectional study among 350 PLHIVs seen at the General Hospital
Calabar selected using multistage sampling method. Disease screenings were done
using standard techniques. Data was analyzed using the SPSS software version
Prevalence of HBV and Syphilis were 0.014% and 0.086%, with co-infection rate
of 1 out of 351 cases. Co-infections was not statistically significantly
associated with any of the diseases (X2 of 3.013 and p value of
0.006) despite only 205(58.3%) having low estimated sexual risk scores.
Conclusion: Though co-infection prevalence rate
is low, HBV and syphilis screening should be included in pre-HAART care, and towards
encouragement of sexual behavioural change among PLHIVs.
words: PLHIVs, Co-infections,
Prevalence, Syphilis, HBV.
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