Scale-up Zinc Sulphate Use for Management of Childhood Diarrheal Diseases in Zambia Through Community Health Workers and Women’s Support Groups
Zambia, diarrhea is one of the commonest diseases that affect under five children.
It represents 12% of all causes of under-five mortality; and only 60% of children
with diarrhea received oral rehydration treatment in 2012.
To assess if training of community health workers and establishment of women’s support
groups will enhance the use of zinc sulphate as adjuvant therapy for childhood diarrheal
diseases and decrease child mortality in underserved areas. We therefore conducted
a literature review of published clinical trials that were conducted in developing
We searched Medline through PubMed database and COCHRANE CRCT database. Our main
focus was to identify literatures reporting on the effectiveness of oral zinc in
reducing duration and severity of childhood diarrheal episodes; literatures published
in developing countries, in English and French languages. We restricted our search
to clinical trials. There was no time limit attached to our search.
After literature screening, 112 articles were excluded for not being clinical trials
whilst 24 did not meet the main focus of our study. Only 28 articles were selected.
Analysis reported a wide variety of diarrheal-related outcomes depending on number
Zinc supplementation in children reduces duration and/or severity of diarrheal episodes
hence decreases child mortality.
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