Introduction: Nigeria is the third highest
Tuberculosis (TB)-burden country in the world and number one in Africa. Level
of TB case detection and control is low. Community
pharmacists can be trained to provide TB case detection of new patients and
management of patients who had been earlier assessed and treatment initiated in
Aim: To assess the level of Community
Pharmacists’ knowledge and involvement in Tuberculosis case detection and
Methodology: This is the first phase of the
interventional study that was aimed at scaling up community pharmacists’
involvement in tuberculosis case detection and management. A cross sectional
descriptive study was carried out on 285 randomly selected Community
Pharmacists in Lagos State using a multi-staged cluster sampling method and
structured questionnaire, followed by Focus Group Discussions and Key Informant
Results: Knowledge on TB cause,
transmission, signs and symptoms was high, 98%, 95.5% and 88.1% respectively
while 73.15% of the pharmacists said they have identified clients suspected of
having pulmonary TB. Of the Pharmacists that have identified clients suspected
of having pulmonary TB, majority (65.7%) had referred them to the health
centres. Only 15.4% of the pharmacists were involved in DOTs with TB patients.
Correct knowledge of duration of treatment was found among 83.6% of
Conclusion: Community Pharmacists are highly
knowledgeable in TB cause, transmission, signs, symptoms, regimen and duration
of treatment and are informally involved in TB case detection and management.
Keywords: Community Pharmacists;
Tuberculosis; Knowledge; involvement; Case Detection, Scaling-up.
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